Polish Jewish civilian in Mielec, Poland, 9/1939-3/1942; inmate in Krakow Ghetto, Poland, 4/1942-10/1942; inmate in Plaszow and Auschwitz II-Birkenau Concentration Camps, Poland, 10/1942-10/1944 and Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp, Germany, 10/1944-4/1945
REEL 1 Background in Mielec, Poland, 1925-1939: family; degree of anti-Semitism in pre-war Poland; German invasion of Poland, 9/1939. Aspects of period as civilian in Mielec, Poland, 9/1939-3/1942: German atrocities against town's Jewish population, 9/1939; disappearance of brother; restrictions imposed on Jewish community; food shortages; anti-Semitism amongst Polish population; confiscation of valuables from Jewish homes. Aspects of deportation from Mielec, Poland, 3/1942-4/1942: rounding up of Jewish community in town centre of Mielec, 9/3/1942; German shooting of old, ill and disabled; journey via Lublin to Majdan Tartarski Ghetto; accommodation in Majdan Tartarski Ghetto; travelling with sister back to Mielec under false documents; last correspondence with family prior to liquidation of Majdan Tartarski Ghetto, 4/1942. Aspects of period as inmate in Krakow Ghetto, Poland, 4/1942-10/1942: move into ghetto.
REEL 2 Continues: work in shoe workshop; rumours of liquidation of ghetto. Recollections of period as inmate in Plaszow Concentration Camp, Poland, 10/1942-7/1944: move into camp; construction of camp on site of Jewish cemetery; atrocities committed by guards; helping in construction of barracks; work in shoe workshop; behaviour of camp commandant, Amon Goeth; how children were taken care of; fate of female inmates abused by guards; sight of children being taken away from mothers; hospitalisation for tuberculosis. Recollections of period as inmate in Auschwitz II-Birkenau Concentration Camp, Poland, 7/1944-10/1944: train journey to camp; processing of inmates on arrival; accommodation in barracks; allocation to barrack cleaning duties.
REEL 3 Continues: comparison between Auschwitz II-Birkenau and Plaszow Concentration Camps; attitude towards tattooing; prior knowledge of gas chambers; memories of Dr Josef Mengele; opinion of camp guards; relationship with sister Sarah; impact of starvation on physical condition; inmates' fear of gas chambers. Aspects of period as inmate in Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp, Germany, 10/1944-4/1945: march from town of Bergen to camp, 10/1944; work; behaviour of guards; conditions and their deterioration by 4/1945. Recollections of period in barracks at Bergen-Belsen, Germany, 1945-1947: liberation and death of sister, 4/1945; contracting typhoid; attitude towards liberators; allocation of accommodation in former army barracks; obtaining information on family from Polish soldier from her home town; meeting husband.
REEL 4 Continues: story of tracing her brothers; question of effects of experience on religion faith; conditions in camp after war; emigration of brothers to Palestine; psychological and physical effects of captivity during Second World War. Aspects of emigration to GB from 1947: emigration to GB, 9/1947; learning English language; initial difficulties experienced on arrival in GB; establishment of dressmaking business.
REEL 5 Continues: Reflections on Holocaust experiences: lack of opportunity to talk of experiences; post-war visit to Theresienstadt Concentration Camp in Czechoslovakia; attitude towards visiting Poland; attitude towards Germans and return to Bergen-Belsen for 50th anniversary of liberation; nature of pension; importance of Holocaust centre; obtaining last photograph of family; murder of husband's sister in pogrom in Poland, 1945; invitation to Jews to return to Poland, 1990s; attitude towards work of Oskar Schindler and opinion of film 'Schlindler's List'.
One of the most memorable elements of the Holocaust Exhibition is the video testimony by survivors which accompanies visitors along the route. But what happened to the survivors after the Second World War? How did they rebuild their lives in the years that followed their release from Nazi persecution?
As the Allies advanced across Europe at the end of the Second World War, they came across concentration camps filled with sick and starving prisoners. The first major camp to be liberated was Majdanek near Lublin, Poland in July 1944.