Polish Jewish schoolchild in Lwow, Poland, 1939-1942; inmate of Lwow Ghetto, 1942; in hiding with mother in Lwow, Poland, 1942-1944; liberated by Russians, 7/1944
REEL 1 Recollections of background in Lwow and Krakow, Poland, 1930-1939: family circumstances; character of Lwow and Krakow; mother Cecylia's background; parent's marriage and attempts to emigrate to Palestine; character of family's religious beliefs; move to Krakow; relations with father Filip; education.
REEL 2 Continues: story of case brought against teacher for antisemitism; lack of other antisemitic incidents; description of brother Uriel; accommodation in Krakow; awareness of increasing number of refugees, 1937/1938. Recollections of German invasion of Poland, 9/1939: atmosphere whilst holidaying in Zakopane area, 8/1939; story of being sent out with mother and brother on last train to Lwow, 31/8/1939; sight of Polish soldiers sleeping on Lwow station. Recollections of Russian occupation of Poland, 1939-1941: behaviour of Russian soldiers to children; start of arrests and deportations; father's attitude towards Russians.
REEL 3 Continues: physical appearance of father on arrival in Lwow; effects on father of his military service; father's work for Russians as carpenter; arrival of pre-war friends from German zone; brother's abilities; deportation to Russian of men registering to return to western Poland; question of father possible survival if he had been deported to Russia; reaction to German attack on Russia, 6/1941; Russian evacuation of Lwow before German attack. Recollections of German occupation of eastern Poland, 1941: deteriorating situation for Poles especially intelligentsia; threat to Jewish community from Germans, Ukrainians and Poles.
REEL 4 Continues: behaviour of Ukrainians; question of non-Jews actively pointing out Jews; ending of education; father's mental state and role of mother; story of saving parents from selection; story of how mother got father released from Ukrainian camp; going into hiding when father heard of pending deportations of children; disappearance of father and brother 8/1942; searching for father and brother; sight of Ukrainian wearing father's coat and watch.
REEL 5 Continues: story of how brother insisted on staying with father during arrest. Recollections of period as inmate in Lwow Ghetto, 1942: move into ghetto with grandparents, autumn 1942; mother's work outside ghetto; account of how mother was nearly caught outside ghetto by new restrictions and Pohlmann's journey to warn her; mother's contact with German civilians.
REEL 6 Continues: Recollections of period in hiding with German civilian in Lwow, 1942-1944: agreement with Frau Wieth to hide them in her flat; journey to flat; memories of Frau Wieth; character of Frau Wieth flat in block populated by Gestapo and SS; story of how Frau Wieth obtained requisitioned Jewish flat from SS lover; Frau Wieth's obtaining identification for Pohlmann's mother to return to ghetto to visit grandparents; disguise mother assumed on visits to the ghetto.
REEL 7 Continues: risks taken by mother living and working in ghetto during week and at weekends in Frau Wieth's flat; anxiety about mother; establishment of tannery by Max Kohl; mother's work for Max Kohl; behaviour of max Kohl towards Jewish employees; arrest of grandfather; role as maid to Frau Wieth; character of Frau Wieth; listening to BBC; reasons for Frau Wieth finding companion Mrs Podoszyn for Pohlmann, 1943; story of how Mr Podoszyn insisted on joining them; food situation.
REEL 8 Continues: sight of burning of Lwow Ghetto, 31/5/1943; arrival of mother at flat; story of how grandmother attempted suicide but injured herself badly; situation in crowded flat; story of how Frau Wieth wanted to take Pohlmann to Germany on leave disguised as her dead son; cancellation of Frau Wieth's leave; character of shopping trips alone; story of narrow escape during shopping trip.
REEL 9 Continues: account of accepting an invitation to tea with high ranking SS officer; story of deceiving a Ukrainian militiaman who knew her; problems of keeping quiet in flat; story of narrow escape involving making potato pancakes.
REEL 10 Continues: question of increase awareness of senses; account of how SS lover returned to Frau Wieth's flat for two weeks including arrival of SS man; arrangements for pretending to be servants and hiding in scullery and amusing aspect to visit.
REEL 11 Continues: mental strain on Frau Wieth; Frau Wieth's modesty about her role protecting Jews; incident of caretaker being tortured by Gestapo; behaviour of mother in emergencies; effects on nerves in living in flat; contingency plan in case Germans invaded flat; evacuation of German civilians workers from Lwow, 1944.
REEL 12 Continues: mother's search for three sisters for whom she made dresses. Recollections of period in hiding in religious palace, 1944: move into hiding place under protection of Count Andrej Szeptycki; other Jews hiding there; entering convent orphanage under false identity; ignorance of Ukrainian Orthodox ritual; contact with other Jewish girl in hiding; arrival of Frau Wieth to check on her welfare.
REEL 13 Continues: attending church and confessions; attitude of priest; relations with Sister Anatasia; controversial reputation of Count Andrei Szeptyckyi and attempts to get him 'Righteous Gentile' status; problems encountered in taking exam; preparations for baptism with mother; return of Frau Wieth during stall in Russian offensive; increase of Russian bombing raids.
REEL 14 Continues: waiting for arrival of Russian troops. Recollections of period living in Lwow and Krakow, Poland, 1944-1946: arrival of Russians in Lwow, 7/1944; degree of knowledge of concentration camps; atmosphere in newly liberated Lwow; search for missing relatives; mother's finding accommodation and job with Russians; continuing education; living conditions; story of getting drunk during May Day celebrations, 1/5/1945; train journey to Krakow, 7/1945; mother's reaction to unsuccessful search for father and brother; continuing to live under false names due to antisemitism; social life.
REEL 15 Continues: character of post war antisemitism; mother's adoption of Jewish orphan, Dina Zipper; settling of Dina Zipper in orphanage in Zakopane; state of health; story of how Rabbi David Kahane aided her move to GB, 1946; role of Rabbi Solomon Schonfeld in taking Jewish children to GB.
REEL 16 Continues: Recollections of journey from Poland to GB, 1946: reluctance of Polish authorities to let Jewish children leave; memories of Rabbi Solomon Schonfeld; voyage aboard SS Ragne; learning English songs; reaction to arriving in GB. Recollections of period as schoolgirl in GB, 1946-1949: placing with family called Stern; continuing education; relations with other childrens' parents; arrival of mother; relationship with mother; contact with Frau Wieth.
REEL 17 Continues: Recollections of post war relations with Frau Wieth: story of how mother managed to get Frau Wieth out of Russian camp to GB, 1949; treatment of Frau Wieth as domestic in GB; Frau Wieth's move to New York as housekeeper to Jewish family; Pohlmann's testifying for both Frau Wieth and Max Kohl to get recognition as 'Righteous Gentiles'; Frau Wieth's return to GB.
REEL 18 Continues: how Frau Wieth refused to speak or write German after the war; trip with Frau Wieth to Israel to plant a tree as a 'Righteous Gentile'; attitude towards Frau Wieth. Reflections on Holocaust experiences: effects of experiences; question of effects on children; mother's reaction to loss of husband and son during Holocaust; importance of recording experiences.
One of the most memorable elements of the Holocaust Exhibition is the video testimony by survivors which accompanies visitors along the route. But what happened to the survivors after the Second World War? How did they rebuild their lives in the years that followed their release from Nazi persecution?
As the Allies advanced across Europe at the end of the Second World War, they came across concentration camps filled with sick and starving prisoners. The first major camp to be liberated was Majdanek near Lublin, Poland in July 1944.