Spent cartridge case, the top of which is slightly crushed.
A cartridge case taken from the Hejaz railway during the early 1970's whilst the donor was working in Saudi Arabia. There is little rust due to the arid climate.
The Hejaz railway ran from Medina to Damascus a distance of 800 miles. It was the main supply line for the Turkish garrison at Medina. Between 1916-1918, T. E. Lawrence and parties of Arab took part in numerous raids on the railway. Lawrence commented in an article for the Royal Engineers Journal: 'The Turks arrived at their system of defence after considerable experience of our demolition parties, but we were able, till the end of the war, to descend upon the railway when and where we pleased, and effect the damage we wished, without great difficulty.' They used blasting gelatine, guncotton and mines originally starting off with parties of about ten Arabs and as the war progressed the raiding parties increased to mobile columns with armoured cars.
Ref: T. E. Lawrence, 'Demolitions Under Fire' in 'Royal Engineers Journal', Vo. XXIX, January 1919 reprinted in Malcom Brown (editor) 'Secret Despatches from Arabia and other writings' (London: Bellew Publishing, 1991), pp. 243-249.