The PSL rifle is a Romanian-made counterpart to the Soviet SVD rifle. Both are intended as rifles for use by marksmen within infantry platoons. These men are not snipers but are tasked with engaging targets outside the range of standard-issue assault rifles.
The refusal of Romania to join the USSR's invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968 led to a cessation of Soviet assistance in equipping Romania's army. Consequently a marksman rifle had to be developed indigenously. The PSL (often called the FPK in the West) externally resembles its Russian counterpart, but was not designed from scratch - instead being constructed around a modified version of the RPK light machine gun. It is generally used in conjunction with the Romanian-made LPS telescopic sight offering 4 x 24 magnification.
In addition to equipping the Romanian Army, the PSL was exported. This example was captured from Iraqi forces during the 1991 Iraq War.