De Guingand, Francis W (Oral history)

Catalogue number
  • 2743
Department
Sound
Subject period
Dimensions
  • whole: Duration 75, Number Of Items 5
Alternative names
  • object name: Oral history
  • object category: recording
Creator
Category
sound

Object description

British officer served as staff officer with Joint Planning Staff of General Headquarters, Middle East in Cairo, Egypt, 1940-1942; served as Chief of Staff to General Bernard Montgomery with 8th Army in North Africa and Italy, 1942-1943 and with 21st Army Group in North West Europe, 1944-1945

Content description

REEL 1 Recollections of operations as Chief of Staff to General Bernard Montgomery with 8th Army in North Africa, 1942-1943: effect of arrival of General Bernard Montgomery at 8th Army; Prime Minister Winston Churchill’s support for attacks on Axis forces in North Africa; chaotic nature of 8th Army's retreat to El Alamein line; opinion of General Claude Auckinleck’s conduct of 1st Battle of El Alamein; nature of desert warfare. REEL 2 Continues: Aspects of period as staff officer with Joint Planning Staff of General Headquarters, Middle East in Cairo, Egypt, 1940-1942: question of effects on desert campaign of British intervention in Greece, 1940-1941; visit to Western Desert during Axis first campaign in North Africa, 1941; problems with equipment, training and tactics in North Africa; first meeting with General Bernard Montgomery, 1942. Aspects of operations as Chief of Staff to General Bernard Montgomery with 8th Army in North Africa, 1942-1943: communication with Prime Minister Winston Churchill over timing of offensive against Germans, 1942. REEL 3 Continues: Recollections of operations as Chief of Staff to General Bernard Montgomery with 21st Army Group in North West Europe, 1944-1945: General Bernard Montgomery’s plan for single thrust into Germany, 9/1944; General Dwight D Eisenhower’s switching of supplies to 21st Army Group; reasons for failure of Operation Market Garden; surprise at German Ardennes Offensive, 12/1944; German objectives during Ardennes Offensive, 12/1944. REEL 4 Continues: handing over of American forces north of bulge to British command; General Bernard Montgomery’s pressing for position of Commander Land Forces; relations between General Bernard Montgomery and General Dwight D Eisenhower, late 1944; resolution of strained relations between General Bernard Montgomery and General Dwight D Eisenhower; nature of fighting in Reichswald Forest. REEL 5 Continues: character of German opposition, 1945; crossing of River Rhine, 3/1945; relations between Allied senior officers during Second World War. Aspects of operations as Chief of Staff to General Bernard Montgomery with 8th Army in Italy, 1943-1944: plans to land on Sicily and southern Italy; reasons for slow advance in Italy.

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