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Memorial details

Memorial type
Clock or clock tower
District
Sutherland
Town
Brora
County
Highland
Country
Scotland
Commemoration
First World War (1914-1918), First World War - civilians, Second World War (1939-1945), Second World War - civilians, Gulf War (1990-1991)
Maker
Mr J A Hosie Lairg (Designer)
Messrs Grant Murray & Co., of Brora. (Builder)
W POTTS & SONS (Clockmaker)
Mr Andrew Sutherland, building contractor, Brora (Builder)
Ceremony
  • Unveiled
    Date: 25 December 1922
    Attended by: Mrs Matheson of Dalchalm, wife of chairman of Parish Council
  • Unveiled
    Date: 28 February 2016
    Attended by: (for the Gulf War addition)
  • Unveiled
    Date: 9 November 2013
    Attended by: (Addition of floodlighting)
  • Dedicated
    Date: 25 December 1922
    Attended by: Revd D. Thomson, United Free Church.
  • Show More (3)
Lost
Not lost
WM Reference
5918
Current location

Clock Tower
Gower Street Lane
Brora
Sutherland
Highland
KW9 6NT
Scotland

OS Grid Ref: NC 90569 03981
Denomination: Undefined

View location on Google Maps
Description
The Memorial is designed to harmonise with its romantic environments overlooking the River Brora, and takes the form of a clock tower over 50 feet high, with a dial on each of its four sides 31 feet above the road level. It is built of local Clynelish sandstone in ashlar work, with bull faced corners and scappled dressings. The shaft with its four circular and pinnacled buttresses, between which is the belfry with its louvered openings, rises from a base 12 feet square, and is finished above the dial chamber with a pinnacled angle turret and three bartizan angles and castellated parapet coping. A platform supported by two wing walls extends along the front of the tower at the road level, over which is inserted the granite name tablet with the names in lead letters. The tablet is surmounted by a pediment in the tympanum of which is a bronze plate bearing the words "The Great War, 1914-18," and on each side of the tower between the wing walls and enclosing walls, two flights of steps lead to the entrance to the clock movement. The clock shows the time on four skeleton cast iron dials glazed with pot opal glass for illumination by night, each of the dials measure 3 feet 6 inches in diameter. The clock movement is built on the improved horizontal principle, with the top and bottom surfaces planed perfectly flat, and each of the brackets and bearings separately fitted to the frame so that any of the parts may be removed without disturbing others. All the wheels are of solid gun metal with their teeth machine cut from the solid, the main wheels measure 10 ins. each in diameter. The pinions are of the finest cast steel, machine cut from the solid, hardened, tempered and polished. The clock movement is firmly bolted to girders, let into the tower walls, to prevent any vibration reaching the pendulum. The clock movement is fixed at the base of the tower and drives up to the dials by means of seamless steel connecting rods, universal joints of gun metal, and bevel gears. The bells are fixed in the chamber below the dials, and are five in number, the total weighing over 12 cwts., the hour bell weighing over 4 cwts. The correct Cambridge or Westminster Quarter Chimes are played on the bells by hammers of the proper weight for bringing out the full tone of same. The clock is built on similar lines to those which the firm erected in the towers of Lincoln, Carlisle, Ripon, Newcastle-on Tyne, Bradford, Chelmsford, Dundalk, and Armagh Cathedrals, Lerwick and Annan Town halls, Peterhead Free Library, Coldstream Church, Keith Institute, and Rothesay Academy.
Inscription
THE GREAT WAR 1914-1918/ TO THE GLORY OF GOD/ AND IN PROUD AND AFFECTIONATE MEMORY/ OF OUR GALLANT DEAD./ (Names) / "THEIR DUST IS IN THE DESERT AND THE DEEP,/ AND YET, TRIUMPHANT O'ER THE GRAVE, THEIR SPIRITS NEVER SLEEP/ BUT GUARD THE FREEDOM WHICH THEY DIED TO SAVE. SECOND WORLD WAR / 1939-1945 / (Names) THE GULF WAR / SGT DONALD BRUCE KINNEAR / ROYAL ARMY PAY CORPS / DIED 27TH JANUARY 1991
Inscription legible?
yes
Names on memorial
Adams, William
Bremner, A J
Cairnie, D D
Cairns, John I
Cameron, Adam
Chalmers, J S
Dalton, William
Duff, Walter
Duncan, Alex
Duncan, R G
See details for all 81 names
Commemorations
  • First World War (1914-1918)
    Total names on memorial: 59
    Served and returned: 0
    Died: 59
    Exact count: yes
    Information shown: Rank, forenames, surname, decorations
    Order of information: surname,forename
  • First World War - civilians
    Total names on memorial: 2
    Served and returned: 0
    Died: 2
    Exact count: yes
    Information shown: Undefined
    Order of information: Undefined
  • Second World War (1939-1945)
    Total names on memorial: 16
    Served and returned: 0
    Died: 16
    Exact count: yes
    Information shown: Rank, forenames, surname,
    Order of information: surname
  • Second World War - civilians
    Total names on memorial: 2
    Served and returned: 0
    Died: 2
    Exact count: yes
    Information shown: surname, forenames, rank, service
    Order of information: surname
  • Gulf War (1990-1991)
    Total names on memorial: 1
    Served and returned: 0
    Died: 1
    Exact count: yes
    Information shown: surname, forenames, rank, regiment, year of death
    Order of information: Undefined
Components
  • Clock
    Measurements: Undefined
    Materials: Stone
  • Tablet
    Measurements: Undefined
    Materials: Granite
  • Plaque
    Measurements: Undefined
    Materials: Bronze
Condition
History
2004: Memorial at times has been vandalised. Plans to restore the memorial - enquiries made concerning funding. Additional plaque unveiled 11 November 2018-details awaited.
Costs

Memorial: £1500

Trust fund/Scholarship
No
Purpose: Unknown or N/A
Responsibility
Clyne Parish Council
Reference
  • warmemscot.s4.bizhat.com/viewtopic.php?t=191&mforum=warmemscot
  • Carter Postcard Collection
  • BUILDINGS OF SCOTLAND by GIFFORD, JOHN H & I (1992) p.560 Source: Image Library
  • Aberdeen Press and Journal - Wednesday 21 March 1923 www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000577/19230321/018/0003 BRORA WAR MEMORIAL. Built of local freestone at cost of £1500. (picture)
  • From The Northern Times December 28, 1922 THE CEREMONY OF UNVEILING CLYNE WAR MEMORIAL Unveiled by Mrs Thomas Matheson, Dalchalm. "Until the day break, and the shadows flee away. " The handsome War Memorial erected by the parish of Clyne to perpetuate the memory of their gallant dead who fell in the Great War of 1914-1918 was unveiled and dedicated at Brora, on Christmas Day, 25th December, 1922. The day was an ideal one for the ceremony, and in consequence there was a large and representative gathering of people, estimated at over two thousand, assembled to witness and take part in one of the most solemn and impressive ceremonies that has ever taken place in Brora. The Memorial which takes the form of a beautiful clock tower, of handsome design, was erected to plans drawn by Mr J. A. Hosie Lairg. It is erected on the west bank of the river Brora, and it is reckoned one of, if not, the handsomest Memorial in the north. The unveiling ceremony was performed by Mrs Matheson, Dalchalm, a mother who has bravely borne her sad bereavements caused by the Great War, and who was unanimously chosen as a fit representative of the relatives of the fallen to perform this sad ceremony - that of unveiling the tablet with the names of the gallant heroes of the parish who gave their all for the cause of freedom. The order of the unveiling and dedication service was as follows :- THE PROCESSION A procession, marshalled by Lieut. D. Sutherland, of the Brora Section of the 4/5th Seaforth Highlanders, marched from the Drill Hall to the Memorial. Headed by the Pipe Band, under Pipe-Major John Campbell, playing "The Flowers of the Forest," the procession started at 11.30 a.m., in the following order :- Pipe Band and Bugler, Armed Guard of Honour furnished by the 4/5th Seaforth Highlanders, The Seaforth Highlanders; relatives of the Fallen; Clergy and Choir; ex-service men and ex-service visitors; Parish Council and War Memorial Committee, school children, and general public. When the procession arrived at the Memorial, the bells on the tower commenced to chime and 12 o'clock was sounded on the hour bell. Two sentries were then posted with arms reversed at the Memorial, viz., Donald Urquhart, A.B. R.N.R., representing the Navy on the right, and Corpl. G. M. Sutherland, LM., representing the Army on the left. The relatives and friends of the fallen were seated in front of the Memorial with the Guard of Honour behind them facing the Memorial. The choir and school children were on the left, while the Parish Council and War Memorial Committee occupied places behind the Guard of Honour. The ex-service men were on the right embankment facing the roadway, while the general public occupied places on the roadway and surrounding embankments. Mr John Ross, Chairman of the War Memorial Committee, who presided, took up his position at the base of the Memorial, and was supported on either side by the following :- Mr Andrew Lindsay, convener of the county; Mr Hugh A. Ross, secretary of the War Memo - Committee; Mr Thomas Matheson, chairman of Clyne Parish Council; Rev. John Spa Church of Scotland, Brora; Rev. D. Thomson, U.F Church, Brora; Rev. A. B. Scott, Church of Scotland, Helmsdale; Rev. E. McRury, Free Church, Helmsdale; Rev. John Taylor, Church of Scotland, Golspie; Rev. A. Mackenzie, Church of Scotland, Rogart; Lieut.-Col. A. Macaulay, TD., representing His Grace the Duke of Sutherland as Lord Lieutenant of the county. Capt. Mackenzie, M.C., TD., representing the officers of the 4/5th Seaforth Highlanders also Capt. Macleod, TD., Helmsdale; Capt. Murray, TD., Golspie; Lieut. Mackay, TD_ Golspie; Lieut. R. F Sinclair, Golspie; Lieut. C. MacHardy, Dornoch; Lieut. W Macpherson Helmsdale; Lieut. D. Sutherland, Brora; Mr James Matheson, chairman Golspie Parish Council; and Mr Hector Sutherland, representing the ex-service men. ORDER OF SERVICE The service at the Memorial began with the singing of the 46th Psalm, "God is our refuge and our strength," to the tune of Stroudwater, led by the combined choirs under the leadership of Mr Hugh A. Ross. Rev. John Spark engaged in prayer and Rev. Rev. E. McRun read the scripture lesson from the 15th chapter of the Gospel of St. John. After the singing of the 23rd Psalm, "The Lord's my shepherd, I'll not want," Mr John Ross addressed the Assembly as follows:- CHAIRMAN'S ADDRESS Officers, non-commissioned officers and men, and friends all - I appreciate very highly the honour the War Memorial Committee has conferred on me, on asking me to to address you on this solemn and unique occasion. I have not the slightest doubt, the Committee would have had no difficulty in finding one more suitable, one more gifted to give expression to their mind and our feelings. However, it is gratifying to know it was their unanimous desire that I, as chairman of the Committee, would consent to say a few words. Four years ago you elected a Committee to raise the necessary funds to erect a worthy Memorial to our gallant dead. The work you entrusted to that Committee is completed. The task was comparatively speaking made easy, for rich and poor alike gave liberally, and I believe every man, woman, and child in the community, together with friends across the seas, helped in some way or another, to place a stone on this beautiful edifice, which today is to be unveiled, to the immortal memory of those from our parish who fell in the Great War. Memorials such as this, are not necessary to keep alive in the hearts of the present generation - the memory of their gallant deeds and heroic sacrifice as these are ever before us. Such Memorials are for our children's children, to remind each succeeding generation, that at a great price obtained they their freedom. Engraved on this Memorial are names representing the various units of the British Army and Navy. Therefore, to all ranks and services of the Army and Navy, we owe a debt which we can never sufficiently repay. Today you walk through the quiet churchyard, most of the Memorials there are to the aged - men and women who died full of years, their life's work done - but here we have a Memorial to the young, cut off in the midst of their years, their days untimely ended. That is the tragedy of it. Therein lies the bitterness of bereavement to those among us, whose wounds bleed afresh today, and to whom our hearts go out anew in sympathy. It fills us with noble pride to remember that our brave lads fell in the cause of justice and of right, in the defence of home and homeland, and that on many graves in France and Flanders have been inscribed these words: - "Tell in Scotland we lie here content" The Highland soldier has always been feared and respected throughout the world, as the embodiment of all the manlv virtues. It is this character which gives him such a tremendous moral force in the fighting line. and we pray that the day will never come when Highlanders on duty's call, will fear to follow in the footsteps of those brave soldiers we mourn today. It is needless for me to recapitulate the hundred and one actions in which our brave Highland regiments took part - their glorious deeds will be recorded in history, as they are always enshrined on our hearts. There are many memorable incidents of the War we can never forget. We all remember those days in August. 1914, the days of the retreat from Mons, when everyone was in doubt if the British Army could be saved. Shall we ever forget, the shock and consternation in the hearts of the British people, when news came of an indecisive issue in the Battle of Jutland? Shall we ever forget Sir Douglas Haig's message in the Spring of 1918, when he warned his soldiers that they were fighting with their backs to the wall, and that on them depended the safety of their homes and the freedom of the human race? Shall we ever forget the days of 1918. when the news was flashed throughout the Empire that the German lines were broken, their colossal armies were in full retreat, their gigantic war machine was smashed to atoms, and the civilised world was saved? Our hearts throbbed with pride and sorrow. The world was saved. but at what a price! The true cost is known only to those whose boys lie across the seas. One of the conditions of enlistment in the American Army was that those who fell on a foreign battlefield would be borne across the Atlantic at the close of the War, to rest in their native land. It was a tremendously difficult task, and its accomplishment was rendered possible by the fact that the losses in the American Army were slight compared with ours. Theirs ran into thousands, but ours into hundreds of thousands. such a task of transportation in the case of the British soldiers was impossible. It is, however, comforting to the relatives of those who fell, that a Government Commission was appointed to see that these cemeteries are well looked after. In France, Belgium, Italy, and other theatres of the war, those cemeteries have been handed over to the British Government for all time, so that the gallant lads we mourn today - though they sleep in foreign lands - lie in British soil, hallowed and made sacred by British sacrifice. Through the indomitable bravery and heroism of the British troops and Allies on sea and land, the victory was won, and the Empire and the world was saved. Honour, therefore, to the officer, and honour to the private, who served side by side, without distinction and rank. Honour to the men and honour to the women who faced those perils, with equal fortitude and devotion. Honour to the sailors, who by their splendid bravery guarded us from invasion. Honour to the surgeons and nurses who attended the stricken and wounded. Honour to the chaplains who administered the last rites to the dying and the dead. Honour to the thousands of war scarred heroes in our land, who remind us daily of their Country's debt. "Dear lads we will never forget you Who went with the willing men, When a cry for the best came ringing Along by the moor and glen. Your dust lies asleep in Flanders Because your heart was true, So as we light the lamp in the gloaming We silently think of you." Honour and immortal glory to our gallant dead! THE ROLL CALL Mr Hector Sutherland, before reading the Roll Call, said - Dear and loving and devoted friends, this trying part of this sacred service has been entrusted to the Comrades of the Great War (Brora Branch), and in their name I read the roll of our sacred dead - God bless their memory. UNVEILING The memorial tablet, which was covered by a Union Jack, was then unveiled by Thomas Matheson. Mr Matheson, replying on behalf of Mrs Matheson thanked the Memorial Committee for the honour they had conferred upon her. Immediately the tablet was unveiled, the Guard of Honour "presented arms" and Pipe Major John Campbell played "Lochaber no More" and Bugler R. A. Sutherland, Golspie, sounded "The Last Post." After one minute's silence, Bugler R. A. Sutherland sounded the "Reveille." The Rev. D. Thomson, then offered up a dedicatory prayer. This part of the service was a very solemn and impressive one, and will long live in the memory of all who were present. MR ANDREW LINDSAY'S ADDRESS Soldiers, Comrades of those who have fallen, and men and women of Clyne - We are here today to salute your illustrious dead. We mourn with you over the loss of so many bright lives, but sorrow gives place to a reverent and thankful pride. Your heroes were "swifter than eagles and stronger than lions," and their spirits still live. Their stern fortitude and valorous deeds on many a stricken field and on the sorrowing sea, will ever remain, the imperishable heritage of Clyne and the county of Sutherland. This striking and magnificent Memorial will for all time, speak to men, of love of country, of honour, of duty, and of sacrifice. We thankt God for every remembrance of the men whose names are inscribed on this stone. THE WREATHS An opportunity was then given to relatives and others to place wreaths on the memorial. A large number of beautiful wreaths were placed at the base of the memorial, and were much admired by all who passed by the memorial after the service. Among them were cards bearing the following :- Mrs Hunter, Clyne Public School, Duncraggie, The Mills, Rogart; Mr and Mrs Guinnes Mr Todd, Railway Terrace; Dr and Mrs Johnstone, Miss Manson, The Terrace Sutherland Arms Hotel Staff, Mrs Eyeval and family, Mr and Mrs George Sutherland, Mr Dalton and daughter, Mrs Edwards and family, Mrs Mackay and family, Rosslyn Street; Mrs Macdonald, Lower Brora; A Comrade, Sisters and Brothers of D. Sutherland, Mrs Reid, Gower Street; Mr Gunn and family, Fascally; Brora Section 4/5th Seaforth Highlanders, Mrs Murray and family, Torroble, Lairg; G. Graham and family, Doll; Mrs Sutherland and family. Badnellan; Mr Duncan, Shoemaker Street; Mr and Mrs W G. Sutherland, Hotel; Mrs Dudgeon, Crakaig; Mr and Mrs Mackenzie, Kintradwell; Brora Branch of the British Legion, Ivy Cottage, Brora; Employees of Sutherland Wool Mills, Brora; Miss Cairnie, Mr and Mrs Macdonald, Pier House; Mrs Gray, Nigg; Misses Ross, Dornoch; Mrs Mackay, Lower Brora; Mr and Mrs Duff and family, Doll; Mrs Ross and family, Manse Cottage; Mr Kidd, The Terrace, and others. CUSTODY OF THE MEMORIAL In handing over the Memorial to the custody of the Clyne Parish Council, through their Chairman, Mr Thomas Matheson. Mr Ross said that he considered it a very great honour to hand over the Memorial to the Parish Council in association with the Executive Committee. He trusted that whatever may be neglected. this Memorial to their gallant dead, never will, but be guarded from all danger and kept as a sacred trust. Mr Thomas Matheson, on behalf of the Parish Council, accepted custody of the Memorial, and said that they would do all in their power to preserve it for all time. Paraphrase 66, "How bright these glorious spirits shine," was then sung, and a most touching ceremony was brought to a close by the Rev. A. B. Scott pronouncing the Benediction. DESCRIPTION OF MEMORIAL The Memorial is designed to harmonise with its romantic environments overlooking the River Brora, and takes the form of a clock tower over 50 feet high, with a dial on each of its four sides 31 feet above the road level. It is built of local Clynelish sandstone in ashlar work, with bull faced corners and scappled dressings. The shaft with its four its four circular and pinnacled buttresses, between which is the belfry with its louvered openings, rises from a base 12 feet square, and is finished above the dial chamber with a pinnacled angle turret and three bartizan angles and castellated parapet coping. A platform supported by two wing walls extends along the front of the tower at the road level, over which is inserted the granite name tablet with the names in lead letters. The tablet is surmounted by a pediment in the tympanum of which is a bronze plate bearing the words "The Great War, 1914-18," and on each side of the tower between the wing walls and enclosing walls, two flights of steps lead to the entrance to the clock movement. The work has been executed by Messrs Grant Murray & Co., Builders, Brora. DESCRIPTION OF CLOCK The clock shows the time on four skeleton cast iron dials glazed with pot opal glass for illumination by night, each of the dials measure 3 feet 6 inches in diameter. The clock movement is built on the improved horizontal principle, with the top and bottom surfaces planed perfectly flat, and each of the brackets and bearings separately fitted to the frame so that any of the parts may be removed without disturbing others. All the wheels are of solid gun metal with their teeth machine cut from the solid, the main wheels measure 10 ins. each in diameter. The pinions are of the finest cast steel, machine cut from the solid, hardened, tempered and polished. The clock movement is firmly bolted to girders, let into the tower walls, to prevent any vibration reaching the pendulum. The clock movement is fixed at the base of the tower and drives up to the dials by means of seamless steel connecting rods, universal joints of gun metal, and bevel gears. The bells are fixed in the chamber below the dials, and are five in number, the total weighing over 12 cwts., the hour bell weighing over 4 cwts. The correct Cambridge or Westminster Quarter Chimes are played on the bells by hammers of the proper weight for bringing out the full tone of same. The clock is built on similar lines to those which the firm erected in the towers of Lincoln, Carlisle, Ripon, Newcastle-on Tyne, Bradford, Chelmsford, Dundalk, and Armagh Cathedrals, Lerwick and Annan Town halls, Peterhead Free Library, Coldtream Church, Keith Institute, and Rothesay Academy. The Clock was supplied and erected by Messrs Wiliam Potts & Sons Ltd. Clock and watch manufacturers, Guildford Street, Leeds.
  • Aberdeen Press and Journal - Thursday 28 December 1922 www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000577/19221228/115/0007 MEMORIAL UNVEILED. BRORA MONUMENT TO SIXTY FALLEN. The Brora and Parish of Clyne war memorial was unveiled in presence of a large attendance from all over the county of Sutherland. A procession, including members of public bodies, relatives of fallen, and ex-service men, marched from Brora Driil Hall to the memorial, where an impressive service took place. Among those taking part were the Rev. John Spark, parish minister; the Rev. Mr Mackay, Free Church; the Rev. D.. Thomson, United Free Church; and Mi- Hector Sutherland, ex-chairman of the Parish Council. Addresses were given by Mr John Ross, chairman of the War Memorial Committee. and Mr Andrew Lindsay, convener the count. The unveiling ceremony was performed by Mrs Matheson, wife of Mr Thomas Matheson, chairman of the Parish Council. Laments were played by pipers, and a sounded the ''Last Post'' and the "Reveille," the custody of the memorial being afterwards formally given over to the Parish Council. The memorial, which is 55ft. in height, is the form of a baronial castellated square, having four-dial clock, electrically illuminated and with Cambridge chmes, while a graniie tablet are inscribed the names 61 the men the parish who fell in the war.
  • The Scotsman - Wednesday 27 December 1922 www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000540/19221227/327/0009 UNVEILING OF BRORA WAS :. MEMORIAL. The Brora and Parish of Clyne War Memorial was unveiled on Christmas Day,. A large number of people attended from all parts of the county of Sutherland. A procession was marshalled in front of the Drill Hall, Brora, and marched to the Memorial, the pipers playing the "Flowers of the Forest." An address was given by . Mr. John Ross, J.P., Chairman of the War Memorial Committee, in which he referred to the heroic and self-sacrificing deeds of the men belonging to the parish and district . The handsome granite tablet , with the names of 61 of . the fallen belonging to tho parish, was unveiled by Mrs Matheson, wife of Mr Thomas Matheson , Chairman of Brora Parish Connoil. Mr and Mrs¦ Matheson suffered the loss of a daughter, two sons, and a son-in-law through the war. Mr Hector Sutherland, ex-Chairman of the Parish Council, read the roll call after which an address was given by Mr Andrew Lindsay, Convener of the county. The ministers taking part were the Rev, John Spark, the Rev, E, MacRury, and the Rev. D. Thomson.. The Memorial is 55 feel in height. In the castellated and turreted tower is a handsome four-dial clock, electrically illuminated , and the Cambridge chimes have ¼, ½, and liour striking capacity. Ihe whole structure, including : the clock, cost approximately £1500. Mr. Hosie, architect, Lairg, designed the Monument, and Mr Grant Murray, building contractor , ' Brora, assisted by Mr Andrew Sutherland, Brora, carried through tho building operations.
  • Clyne War Memorial Clock, Smith of Derby www.smithofderby.com/projects/clyne-war-memorial-clock/
  • cosuthtribute.blogspot.co.uk/search/label/War Memorial Clyne

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