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  • Use this image under non-commercial licence

    This image was created and shared by: Stuart Nicholson

    The image is free to reuse for non-commercial purposes under the IWM Non Commercial Licence. By downloading any images or embedding any media, you agree to the terms and conditions of the IWM Non Commercial Licence, including your use of the attribution statement specified by IWM. For this item, that is: © Stuart Nicholson (WMR-44100)

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  • Use this image under non-commercial licence

    This image was created and shared by: Stuart Nicholson

    The image is free to reuse for non-commercial purposes under the IWM Non Commercial Licence. By downloading any images or embedding any media, you agree to the terms and conditions of the IWM Non Commercial Licence, including your use of the attribution statement specified by IWM. For this item, that is: © Stuart Nicholson (WMR-44100)

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  • Use this image under non-commercial licence

    This image was created and shared by: Stuart Nicholson

    The image is free to reuse for non-commercial purposes under the IWM Non Commercial Licence. By downloading any images or embedding any media, you agree to the terms and conditions of the IWM Non Commercial Licence, including your use of the attribution statement specified by IWM. For this item, that is: © Stuart Nicholson (WMR-44100)

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Memorial details

Memorial type
Serviceman / Servicewoman
District
Annandale And Eskdale
Town
Canonbie
County
Dumfries And Galloway
Country
Scotland
Commemoration
First World War (1914-1918), Second World War (1939-1945), Second World War - civilians
Maker
A B Burton, T J Clapperton FRBS
Ceremony
  • Unveiled
    Date: 25th September 1921
    Attended by: Duke of Buccleugh
Lost
Not lost
WM Reference
44100
Current location

Centre of Village
Main street B7201
Canonbie
Annandale And Eskdale
Dumfries And Galloway
DG14 0SY
Scotland

OS Grid Ref: NY 39221 76353
Denomination: Undefined

View location on Google Maps
Description
3 Stage Tapered base surmounted by pedestal and figure of serviceman. Inscription on two plaques (one for each conflict) to front faces of pedestal and base. Figure of the Serviceman stands with bowed head, rifle over his shoulder and helmet in hand
Inscription
TO THE GLORY OF GOD AND IN PROUD AND GRATEFUL REMEMBRANCE OF ALL THOSE WHO GAVE THEIR LIVES FOR THEIR KING AND COUNTRY AND FOR THE FREEDOM OF THE NATION IN THE GREAT WAR 1914 - 1919 SPECIALLY THOSE OF THIS PARISH WHOSE NAMES ARE/ (NAMES)/ DEATH IS SWALLOWED UP IN VICTORY/ TO THOSE WHO IN THE SAME NOBLE SPIRIT OF SELF SACRIFICE GAVE THEIR LIVES IN THE SECOND WORLD WAR 1939 - 1945/ (NAMES) (EXACT LINE SPACING UNKNOWN)
Inscription legible?
yes
Names on memorial
Armstrong, Christopher
Armstrong, Frank
Armstrong, George
Armstrong, Walter
Armstrong, W J
Beattie, John
Bell, James
Byers, Richard
Calvert, James
Connacher, James
See details for all 46 names
Commemorations
  • First World War (1914-1918)
    Total names on memorial: 46
    Served and returned: 0
    Died: 46
    Exact count: yes
    Information shown: rank,regiment,forename,decorations, surname
    Order of information: regiment THEN rank THEN surname
  • Second World War (1939-1945)
    Total names on memorial: 11
    Served and returned: 0
    Died: 11
    Exact count: yes
    Information shown: surname, forenames, rank, service
    Order of information: Undefined
  • Second World War - civilians
    Total names on memorial: 1
    Served and returned: 0
    Died: 1
    Exact count: yes
    Information shown: surname, forenames, service
    Order of information: Undefined
Components
  • Pedestal
    Measurements: depth 900mm, height 1200mm, width 880mm
    Materials: Granite - Pink
  • First World War memorial
    Measurements: depth inset, height 1050mm, width 600mm
    Materials: Bronze
  • Figure
    Measurements: depth 680mm, height c2000mm, width 710mm
    Materials: Bronze
  • Steps
    Measurements: depth 900mm, height 270mm, width 950mm
    Materials: Granite - Pink
  • Undefined
    Measurements: depth 1050mm, height 260mm, width 1100mm
    Materials: Granite - Pink
  • Base
    Measurements: depth 1150mm, height 180mm, width 1200mm
    Materials: Granite - Pink
  • Second World War memorial
    Measurements: depth inset, height 430mm, width 690mm
    Materials: Granite - Pink
Condition
Trust fund/Scholarship
No
Purpose: Unknown or N/A
Responsibility
Dumfries & Galloway Council
Reference
  • Carlisle Journal 30 Sep 1921 page 8a
  • Carter Postcard Collection
  • And a little more detail about Miss Armstrong's background from the from The Scotsman of 14th March 1941 The death-roll resulting from the bomb explosion is now four. Miss Teresa Armstrong (23), of Carlisle, a stenographer at the British Legation in Sofia, who was injured in the explosion, died early yesterday morning, Both her legs had been amputated. Miss Armstrong was a native of Canonbie, Dumfries-shire, and resided at Scotland Road, Stanwix, Carlisle. She lived for some time at that address with her family after crossing the Border. She was trained at the Greig School and was afterwards engaged for some time in the City Treasurer's Department. She later held an appointment at the International Labour Office of the League of Nations at Geneva. Following the outbreak of war she was engaged as one of the secretaries of the British Minister at Sofia.- Her family have so far had no official information concerning her. She will probably be buried in the British cemetery at Istanbul. And from this website www.levantine.plus.com/testi4.htm it nevertheless killed 2 English secretaries one Gertrude Ellis buried in the Catholic sector of the Feriköy cemetery, and the other buried in the Protestant (probably named as Eleanor Teresa Armstrong, on the cwgc web site). Which suggest she is buried in Feriköy Protestant Cemetery
  • And from Time in 1941. Miss Armstrong's death is mentioned: www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,884300,00.html On the brink of Europe, facing Asia across the shimmering Bosporus, the Hill of Pera is crowned by one of the swankest old hotels in the world. It is Istanbul's famed Hotel Pera Palace, chuck-full of faded tapestries and the queerest collection of Victorian rocking chairs, settees and oversize bathroom fixtures this side of Bombay. Last week a rattletybang little streetcar jammed with Turks was just careening around a curve in front of the Pera Palace when a great belch of flame and smoke pushed out the whole first floor of the hotel with a crunching, grunting roar. Against the streetcar hurtled jagged slabs of plate-glass windows, splintered tables and chairs, and an avalanche of burst-open trunks and suitcases. Several Turks on the car were badly injured. Inside the now fiercely burning Pera Palace screaming chaos reigned. Cables flashed all over the world that a bomb attack had been made upon His Britannic Majesty's Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Bulgaria, George William Rendel. The slight, dry and extremely shy British Minister was not killed, because at the moment of the explosion he was upstairs, probably worrying about something. An English friend has said of him: "Nobody could really be so worried about his work as George always looks." When he entered the Pera Palace with an entourage of some 50 persons, whom he had brought from Sofia because Britain broke off relations with Bulgaria after the Nazi influx (TIME, March 10), it was typical of George William Rendel that he went straight upstairs to his room and began to check over personally his Legation's more important papers. Other members of the British group were signing the hotel register or chatting in the lobby when the blast went off. Said British Vice Consul C. H. Page: "I was standing near the porters' desk, close to the luggage room, when there was a blinding flash. Long tongues of flame shot out from the luggage room. I was thrown to the ground and got up to find myself in a crater, out of which I was only able to look up. Several others were in the crater with me. "Flames were consuming the porters' desk and the partition between the luggage room and the hall. Lying in the midst of the flames was a woman screaming terribly. I rushed to carry her away and asked the Reverend Mr. Oakley (Chaplain of the British Embassy in Turkey) to take her by the legs and help me. He shouted something at me which I could not at first understand. He repeated it and I was horrified to understand him to say: 'Her legs are gone.' Somehow we got her out and carried her across the road where the ambulance picked her up. Later I found she was Miss Armstrong Terese Armstrong, 23-year-old British Legation stenographer, had also lost an arm, but death did not come to her for more than 30 hours. Instantly killed were four Turks, two of them hotel porters. The toll of wounded was 30. British First Secretary James Lambert was badly burned, slightly cut. When Minister Rendel came bounding down the Pera Palace stairs to see what all the noise and smoke was about he found his private secretary, Miss Gertrude Ellis, bleeding from serious wounds. His daughter and Legation Hostess, Ann Rendel, 21, had been knocked down by the force of the concussion, lay dazed but uninjured on the floor. Her father sent her upstairs to get his personal documents. In any crisis the motto of the Turkish police is "arrest everybody," and in nabbing every living soul in the Pera Palace they did not omit to place under arrest the British Minister, whom they promptly released. In the confusion, however, instructions to take wounded Miss Ellis to the famed American Hospital of Istanbul were misunderstood and the dying British girl was taken to the German Hospital. Out of the flaming Pera Palace, which burned for an hour before Istanbul firemen doused the blaze, darted Legation Clerk John Embury. He had suddenly remembered an extremely heavy and mysterious suitcase left with part of the Legation luggage at another hotel. This was one of two suitcases noticed on the tram from Sofia to Istanbul, opened and found to contain soiled clothing, some old Turkish newspapers and what looked like a big radio battery. The clerks could not find any Briton on the train to whom all these belonged, but they did not like to throw them away. Now Clerk Embury, with a hunch that the mysterious suitcase in his room contained an infernal machine, heaved it out the window onto an adjoining vacant lot. Turkish detectives cautiously opened the suitcase, found the "radio battery" to be a bomb. The bombs had been carried into the British Legation train in Sofia—the private train of Bulgaria's Tsar Boris, loaned especially for the occasion—under the noses of Bulgarian detectives and Gestapo operatives who had been on duty for the previous twelve hours. The British Legation staffers and Minister Rendel, moving on to the British Embassy and thence to Ankara, aired no theory about the explosion. Asked if they thought Nazi agents were to blame, they said, off the record, that this seemed to them "too fantastic to be probable." "There is no doubt that the bombs were brought in the baggage of the British Legation from Sofia," said an official German spokesman in Berlin. "Most probably these were bombs which already had been set with time fuses to blow up bridges or cause other sabotage in Bulgaria. In the haste of packing, the British Legation officials forgot to remove the time fuses when they packed the bombs with their other baggage. . . . That just goes to show what happens when legations play around with explosives."
  • MISS ELEANOR TERESA PEARSON ARMSTRONG, BRITISH DIPLOMATIC STAFF. Eleanor Teresa Pearson Armstrong – age 30 – Civilian. Eleanor had been employed in the Carlisle City Treasurer's office before taking a post as a secretary with the International Labour Office of the League of Nations at Geneva. Following the outbreak of war she was engaged as one of the secretaries of the British Minister at Sofia, Bulgaria and in March 1941 she was amongst the staff of the Legation who had arrived at the Pera Palace Hotel in Istanbul after diplomatic relations between the UK and Bulgaria had been broken off. A bomb exploded in the Legation's luggage killing a number of hotel staff and two secretaries. (For more detail see posts on page 1) Born 1910 at Roadend, Canonbie. Daughter of the late John Armstrong and of Margaret (Davidson) Armstrong of 24 Scotland Road, Carlisle. Died on 12 March 1941 and thought to be buried in Feriköy Protestant Cemetery, Istanbul. Turkey. Named on the Register in St. George's Chapel in Westminster Abbey From this website: query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9E05E6D8103FF934A25751C0A961958260&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=all During World War II, the Pera Palace attracted a variety of diplomats, journalists, spies and others of uncertain reputations. It was favored by those sympathetic to the Allied side, and British agents often used it for clandestine gatherings. Among the guests was Joel Brand, a leader of the Jewish underground in Budapest, who was sent to Istanbul late in the war by Adolf Eichmann with a bizarre offer to free one million Jews if the Allies would supply Nazi Germany with stores of coffee, tea, cocoa, soap and 10,000 military trucks to be used on the Russian front. The Allies refused. One morning in March 1941, the hotel lived though its most shattering moments when a tremendous explosion shook the hotel lobby, evidently from a bomb planted in a suitcase by pro-Nazi saboteurs. ''People ran from their rooms shouting that the Germans had come,'' one historian later wrote. ''The whole neighborhood shook and windows were broken in all directions. The first floor of the hotel was in shambles, with furniture blown across the lobby. The elevator collapsed, its cable cut. Six people were dead and another 25 had been injured. The Pera Palace never fully recovered from the damage to its lobby or reputation.''

This record comprises all information held by IWM’s War Memorials Register for this memorial. Where we hold a names list for the memorial, this information will be displayed on the memorial record. Please check back as we are adding more names to the database.

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