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Memorial details

Memorial type
Obelisk
District
Copeland
Town
Cleator
County
Cumbria
Country
England
Commemoration
First World War (1914-1918), Second World War (1939-1945)
Maker
Thomas Preston (Mason)
The Plot was prepared by Mr Forbes of Egremont & other volunteers, members of the Memorial Committee. (Undefined)
Ceremony
  • Unveiled
    Date: 9 July 1922
    Attended by: Major H J Bewley of Whitehaven
Lost
Not lost
WM Reference
3946

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Current location

Walled enclosure on A5086 between Wath Brow and Egremont at junction with road to Cleator Moor.
Trumpet Terrace
Cleator
Copeland
Cumbria
CA23 3DP
England

OS Grid Ref: NY 01631 13599
Denomination: Undefined

View location on Google Maps
Description
Silver grey granite obelisk capped with an urn draped with a flag and a wreath on a shallow base with three lower levels of decreasing size. Names of the fallen are inscribed in raised lead, formerly red, but now weathered to black. The memorial is in an enclosure whose walls are Cumberland red sandstone with a centrally positioned iron gate. Roadside wall is surmounted by iron railings with centrally positioned iron gate. There are two steps up to the memorial level, which are full width of the compound steps.
Inscription
6 o'clock face: ERECTED / IN LOVING MEMORY OF / THE CLEATOR AND T. TERRACE (Sic) MEN / WHO FELL IN THE GREAT WAR / 1914-1918 / KILLED / (names) / DIED ON SERVICE / (names) / "Their spirit liveth evermore." 3 o'clock face: 1939-1945/ (names)
Inscription legible?
yes
Names on memorial
Bailey, John
Bawden, Harry H
Birkett, William F
Bowers, John
Bradley, James J
Byers, Henry S
Byrne, Matthew
Carlisle, James H
Carruthers, William J
Currie, John
See details for all 30 names
Commemorations
  • First World War (1914-1918)
    Total names on memorial: 20
    Served and returned: 0
    Died: 20
    Exact count: yes
    Information shown: Surname, forename, manner of death
    Order of information: Undefined
  • Second World War (1939-1945)
    Total names on memorial: 10
    Served and returned: 0
    Died: 10
    Exact count: yes
    Information shown: Surname, forename
    Order of information: Alphabetically
Components
  • Obelisk
    Measurements: depth 1020 mm, height 2740 mm, width 1020 mm
    Materials: Granite - Creetown
  • Base
    Measurements: depth 1740 mm, height 160 mm, width 1360 mm
    Materials: Concrete
  • Wall
    Measurements: depth 8800 mm, width 3450 mm
    Materials: Sandstone
  • Lettering
    Measurements: Undefined
    Materials: Lead
Listing information
  • Cleator War Memorial
  • Grade II
  • This memorial is protected, and listed on the National Heritage List for England maintained by Historic England. View list entry
  • More about listing and the protection of historic places can be found on the Historic England website
  • Historic England
Condition
History
Originally there were 19 WW1 names, but that of J Bowers was added later.; March 2019- the WW2 names only have now weathered away to near invisibility. Their restoration is tied in with the Bowers case (q.v.), and is complicated by the fact that there is debate as to whether the memorial has a legal custodian, hence why no custodian is shown above.
Costs

Site: Donated by Mr S L Lindow Burns of Greenlands, Holmrook
Memorial: £275/18/1

Trust fund/Scholarship
No
Purpose: Unknown or N/A
Sponsorship
Public
Reference
  • There was also a Roll of Honour for Cleator in St Leonards Church, now lost, with 10 casualties and over 90 men serving. This is known of from page 6 of the Whitehaven News dated 5th April 1917. It covered every denomination in Cleator so was clearly the work of Revd Ceasar Caine, Vicar of Cleator who was a bridge builder, par excellence and a detailed record keeper. The people on the ROH “included the men who had been sent back for munitionsâ€�. The occasion referred to in the newspaper report (which is the only known reference) it was read in the open air at a Church Lad’s Brigade March.
  • See the Whitehaven News 14 August 1941, page 3, column d- Brookside and Trumpet Terrace Fire Watchers- they have made their own fire engine for any air raid emergencies (pictured with the men). The names of the fire watchers were- G Cromwell, P Pascoe, T Jewell, J Woods, S Stables, A Holmes, P Maguire, H Wilson, W Johnston, E O'Neill, J Lupton, N Thwaites and J McCabe. There were also two boy messengers- C Wilson and K Johnston. The article has great detail about this enterprise. The registration number of the vehicle was GO 2 IT
  • According to contemporary newspaper reporting (see previous reference) the WW1 names originally numbered 19. John Bowers was added at a later, unknown, date. Current research has currently failed to establish the identity or date of death of this casualty (stated to be ‘on service’). Further update on the matter of John Bowers on this memorial. James (not on the memorial but commemorated at Lisburn, brother of John) was from Cleator and died at Gallipoli-; John (who is on) was discharged from the Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers on 23 October 1919 (and whose widow Elizabeth (nee Kirkby) lived in Cleator all her life until death in 1974)- seems to have vanished after discharge. His death cannot be traced anywhere, although there is a family story of admission after discharge to a hospital with shell shock- he is known to have been deceased by 1935. But no death certificate has been traced either in the UK or in Ireland in spite of a huge amount of research. In 2018 there were family suggestions about amending the memorial. However, after discussion, there was insufficient evidence to do so, and as the memorial, appears to have no legal owner, it is unclear who would do so. There is also no proof, after substantial research, as to when John's name was added.
  • Whitehaven News Thursday 19 April 1928 page 4, column f (for clearance of the debt)- CLEATOR WAR MEMORIAL SAVED. Presentation to Secretary. The Cleator War Memorial, which was threatened with seizure for debt some months ago, is now saved for posterity, and now presents a clean and beautiful appearance in marked contrast to its dilapidation some nine months ago. This change has been brought about by the raising of £160 in such a short space of time, which has freed the memorial from debt. A presentation of a suitable gift in appreciation of his excellent work was made to the Secretary, Mr W. Graham, at a social gathering, convened by Mr W. Jackson, in the Jubilee Hall, on Wednesday night. Mr Jackson's guests included the Rev. father F.C. Clayton, O.S.B., rector of Cleator St Mary's; the Rev. R.M. Clarkson, vicar of St. Leonard's; members of the Committee and friends. Presiding, the Rev. R.M. Clarkson said they were in that very pleasurable position of being at the top of the hill they set out to climb. They looked back with a good deal of satisfaction and thought of the difficulties they had surmounted. Their purpose was to make a presentation to their efficient, keen and able secretary and treasurer, Mr. Graham. Father Clayton was going to make the presentation and he (the Vicar) might say no one in the district was more suitable for such a presentation in a case of that kind. (Applause) Father Clayton had been connected with the district for a great many years, and the interest he took in all things that were going to better the district was well known. In making the presentation, Father Clayton said at the beginning of last year there was a cloud upon Cleator and they all felt uncomfortable about it. A committee was formed to remove the reproach from Cleator. It had put up a war memorial and it had not been paid for, it was a reproach, and they all felt ashamed about it. When asked he was very pleased to join that committee, who appointed a Secretary, and it was to Mr. Graham that the workng of the committee in such a wonderful way was due. He congratulated Mr Graham on his success and testified to their appreciation of his work. The whole of the Committee had done wonderful work. Replying, Mr. Graham thanked the committee for their kind gift and said he greatly appreciated it. He accepted it in the spirit in which it was given. He might say that this was his first venture in public work, and, when he was on the platform last, he said he would see the matter through, and he thought they would all agree that he had kept his promise. (Applause) Success was due to the splendid way in which the committee had worked; without their support his efforts would have been useless. On behalf of the guests, the Vicar moved a vote of thanks to their host, Mr. Jackson. Father Clayton seconded, and said they all felt most gratified to Mr. Jackson for the magnificent way he had entertained them that night. Mr. Jackson returned thanks. A vote of thanks was heartily accorded the Chairman and Father Clayton, on the proposition of Mr G. Fraser and P.C. Mayler, members of the committee. Supper tables were presided over by Mesdames Mitchell (Beckermet), Stewart, Harvey, Black and Hellon. The feature of the subsequent impromptu concert was the items of Mr Joe. Rowe, of Whitehaven, a clever humorist. Other entertainers were:- Miss L. McCusker, Miss L. Burns, Mr T. Allwood, Mr. L. Gibson and Mr J. Potts
  • West Cumberland Times 25 June 1927 page 4 f-g (regarding the debt)- By 1927 only £110/9/10 had been paid of the construction costs. On 22nd June 1927 a new committee was formed to raise the money to pay off the £164/18/2 debt-by collecting 1d per week per person in Cleator Village-this debt was cleared by June 1928. [available on microfilm at Workington Library- not reported in the more local Whitehaven News]
  • Whitehaven News Thursday 13 July 1922, Page 7 column g- WAR MEMORIAL UNVEILED AT CLEATOR On Sunday afternoon the public war memorial erected in Claetor to the memory of the fallen soldiers of Cleator and Trumpet Terrace, who lost their lives as a result of the great war, was unveiled by Major Bewley, of Whitehaven. The climatic conditions were very unfavourable, but notwithstanding there was a very large concourse of people present from the neighbouring districts. The ex-servicemen, the St Johns troop of boy scouts, and Cleator Church Lads' Brigade, under the leadership of Assistant-Scoutmaster T.A. Gouldie and Mr W.C. Morton respectively, congregated at the top of Trumpet Terrace previous to the unveiling, and headed by the Moor Row Prize Band, under the conductorship of Mr H. Benn, marched to the site. Special arrangements and seating accomodation were made for the relatives of ex-servicemen in the memorial enclosure. After the well known hymn "Oh God our help in ages past" had been sung and a prayer offered, Major Bewley unveiled the memorial. The local clergy, which included the Vicar of St. Leonard's (Rev. Ceasar Caine) and the Wesleyan minister (Rev P.E. Thorne) were present, regret being manifested by the former at the abscence of the Rev. Father Clayton and Mr. Sloan. The hymn, "Abide With Me" was then sung. the proceedings terminating with the singing of the National Anthem. Amongst the many floral tokens placed at the fot of the memorial was a special wreath sent by the local ex-sevicemen. The memorial is situated at the top of the Main Street, on a plot of ground kindly given by Mr S.L. Burns-Lindow, of Greenlands, Holmrook. It is made of Creetown fine axed silver-grey granite, standing ten feet high with three bases, the bottom one being three feet, six inches square. On the body facing the roadway the names of the fallen are inscribed in raised red letters as follow:- "Erected in loving memory of the Cleator and Trumpet Terrace men who fell in the great war 1914-18. Killed: John Hannan, Jos. S. McVittie, Thomas Hazzard, John Sullivan, Jas. H Carlisle, Henry S. James, Robert Stewart, Hugh Moore, John Currie, W. Gordon Walker, Jas. J. Bradley, J. Nelson Robinson, Wm. J. Hutchinson, Robert Lancaster, William Stoop. Died on service; Matthew Byrne, Henry S. Byers, Jas. D. Robinson and Joseph Rigg. The memorial has an emclosure of Cumberland red sandstone, standing about four feet high. The work was in the hands of Mr T.Preston of Whitehaven. The following represented the committee and to whom all credit must be accorded for the erection of the memorial: Messrs W. Morton, T. Ennis, Woodburn, Woods, Smith, Bowers, Kitchin, Mawson with Messrs. John McVittie and A. Butler as joint secretaries, and Mr J. Woodburn as treasurer. Inspector Ritchie and a staff of police were present. A collection amounted to £15, in aid of the memorial fumd.

This record comprises all information held by IWM’s War Memorials Register for this memorial. Where we hold a names list for the memorial, this information will be displayed on the memorial record. Please check back as we are adding more names to the database.

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