previous
next
  • Use this image under non-commercial licence

    This image was created and shared by:

    The image is free to reuse for non-commercial purposes under the IWM Non Commercial Licence. By downloading any images or embedding any media, you agree to the terms and conditions of the IWM Non Commercial Licence, including your use of the attribution statement specified by IWM. For this item, that is: © (WMR-38895)

    Embed
    HTML: BBCode:
  • Use this image under non-commercial licence

    This image was created and shared by:

    The image is free to reuse for non-commercial purposes under the IWM Non Commercial Licence. By downloading any images or embedding any media, you agree to the terms and conditions of the IWM Non Commercial Licence, including your use of the attribution statement specified by IWM. For this item, that is: © (WMR-38895)

    Embed
    HTML: BBCode:
  • Use this image under non-commercial licence

    This image was created and shared by:

    The image is free to reuse for non-commercial purposes under the IWM Non Commercial Licence. By downloading any images or embedding any media, you agree to the terms and conditions of the IWM Non Commercial Licence, including your use of the attribution statement specified by IWM. For this item, that is: © (WMR-38895)

    Embed
    HTML: BBCode:
  • Use this image under non-commercial licence

    This image was created and shared by:

    The image is free to reuse for non-commercial purposes under the IWM Non Commercial Licence. By downloading any images or embedding any media, you agree to the terms and conditions of the IWM Non Commercial Licence, including your use of the attribution statement specified by IWM. For this item, that is: © (WMR-38895)

    Embed
    HTML: BBCode:
  • Use this image under non-commercial licence

    This image was created and shared by:

    The image is free to reuse for non-commercial purposes under the IWM Non Commercial Licence. By downloading any images or embedding any media, you agree to the terms and conditions of the IWM Non Commercial Licence, including your use of the attribution statement specified by IWM. For this item, that is: © (WMR-38895)

    Embed
    HTML: BBCode:
  • Use this image under non-commercial licence

    This image was created and shared by:

    The image is free to reuse for non-commercial purposes under the IWM Non Commercial Licence. By downloading any images or embedding any media, you agree to the terms and conditions of the IWM Non Commercial Licence, including your use of the attribution statement specified by IWM. For this item, that is: © (WMR-38895)

    Embed
    HTML: BBCode:
  • Use this image under non-commercial licence

    This image was created and shared by: Unknown

    The image is free to reuse for non-commercial purposes under the IWM Non Commercial Licence. By downloading any images or embedding any media, you agree to the terms and conditions of the IWM Non Commercial Licence, including your use of the attribution statement specified by IWM. For this item, that is: © Unknown (WMR-38895)

    Embed
    HTML: BBCode:
  • Use this image under non-commercial licence

    This image was created and shared by:

    The image is free to reuse for non-commercial purposes under the IWM Non Commercial Licence. By downloading any images or embedding any media, you agree to the terms and conditions of the IWM Non Commercial Licence, including your use of the attribution statement specified by IWM. For this item, that is: © (WMR-38895)

    Embed
    HTML: BBCode:
  • Use this image under non-commercial licence

    This image was created and shared by:

    The image is free to reuse for non-commercial purposes under the IWM Non Commercial Licence. By downloading any images or embedding any media, you agree to the terms and conditions of the IWM Non Commercial Licence, including your use of the attribution statement specified by IWM. For this item, that is: © (WMR-38895)

    Embed
    HTML: BBCode:
  • Use this image under non-commercial licence

    This image was created and shared by:

    The image is free to reuse for non-commercial purposes under the IWM Non Commercial Licence. By downloading any images or embedding any media, you agree to the terms and conditions of the IWM Non Commercial Licence, including your use of the attribution statement specified by IWM. For this item, that is: © (WMR-38895)

    Embed
    HTML: BBCode:
  • Use this image under non-commercial licence

    This image was created and shared by:

    The image is free to reuse for non-commercial purposes under the IWM Non Commercial Licence. By downloading any images or embedding any media, you agree to the terms and conditions of the IWM Non Commercial Licence, including your use of the attribution statement specified by IWM. For this item, that is: © (WMR-38895)

    Embed
    HTML: BBCode:
  • Orphan work

    The source of this image is unknown and is shared as an orphan work.

  • Orphan work

    The source of this image is unknown and is shared as an orphan work.

  • Orphan work

    The source of this image is unknown and is shared as an orphan work.

  • Orphan work

    The source of this image is unknown and is shared as an orphan work.

  • Orphan work

    The source of this image is unknown and is shared as an orphan work.

  • Orphan work

    The source of this image is unknown and is shared as an orphan work.

  • Orphan work

    The source of this image is unknown and is shared as an orphan work.

  • Orphan work

    The source of this image is unknown and is shared as an orphan work.

  • Orphan work

    The source of this image is unknown and is shared as an orphan work.

  • Orphan work

    The source of this image is unknown and is shared as an orphan work.

  • Orphan work

    The source of this image is unknown and is shared as an orphan work.

  • Orphan work

    The source of this image is unknown and is shared as an orphan work.

  • Orphan work

    The source of this image is unknown and is shared as an orphan work.

  • Orphan work

    The source of this image is unknown and is shared as an orphan work.

  • Orphan work

    The source of this image is unknown and is shared as an orphan work.

  • Orphan work

    The source of this image is unknown and is shared as an orphan work.

  • Orphan work

    The source of this image is unknown and is shared as an orphan work.

  • Orphan work

    The source of this image is unknown and is shared as an orphan work.

  • Orphan work

    The source of this image is unknown and is shared as an orphan work.

  • Orphan work

    The source of this image is unknown and is shared as an orphan work.

  • Use this image under non-commercial licence

    This image was created and shared by: Orphan

    The image is free to reuse for non-commercial purposes under the IWM Non Commercial Licence. By downloading any images or embedding any media, you agree to the terms and conditions of the IWM Non Commercial Licence, including your use of the attribution statement specified by IWM. For this item, that is: © Orphan (WMR-38895)

    Embed
    HTML: BBCode:
  • Orphan work

    The source of this image is unknown and is shared as an orphan work.

  • Orphan work

    The source of this image is unknown and is shared as an orphan work.

  • Orphan work

    The source of this image is unknown and is shared as an orphan work.

  • Orphan work

    The source of this image is unknown and is shared as an orphan work.

  • Orphan work

    The source of this image is unknown and is shared as an orphan work.

  • Orphan work

    The source of this image is unknown and is shared as an orphan work.

  • Orphan work

    The source of this image is unknown and is shared as an orphan work.

  • Orphan work

    The source of this image is unknown and is shared as an orphan work.

  • Orphan work

    The source of this image is unknown and is shared as an orphan work.

  • Orphan work

    The source of this image is unknown and is shared as an orphan work.

  • Orphan work

    The source of this image is unknown and is shared as an orphan work.

Memorial details

Memorial type
Sculptured / Cast group
District
City Of Westminster
Town
Westminster
County
Greater London
Country
England
Commemoration
Second World War (1939-1945)
Maker
Morris Singer & Co Ltd, PAUL DAY, MR TONY DYSON OF DONALD INSALL ASSOCIATES
Ceremony
  • Unveiled
    Date: 18 September 2005
    Attended by: HRH Prince of Wales KG
Lost
Not lost
WM Reference
38895
Current location

30
Adjacent to Westminster Pier
Victoria Embankment
Westminster
City Of Westminster
Greater London
SW1A 2JL
England

OS Grid Ref: TQ 30344 79887
Denomination: Undefined

View location on Google Maps
Description
A wall of stone cut through with an oblique walkway. Names of airmen from the 15 countries who fought in the Battle of Britain are listed on the outside. There are several scenes cast in bronze on the inside of the memorial. These include: pilots at rest, members of the Observer Corps watching for an attack, ground crews arming hurricanes, pilots scrambling, close-up of a pilot's face, pilots sharing stories in the mess hall, hop pickers in Kent watching an aerial battle, anti-aircraft gunners, women working in a factory, pilot closely pursued by a Luftwaffe pilot, St Paul's Cathedral surrounded by smoke from the Blitz, people searching the ruins after an air raid and a family making tea in an Anderson shelter. The outlines of a Bristol Beaufighter, Bristol Blenheim, Gloster Galdiator, Bolton Paul Defiant and a Hawker Hurricane are etched on the name panels. The RAF roundel, carved in granite, is set in the ground between the two halves of the wall. A large bronze insignia of Fighter Command is set into the western end of the memorial.
Inscription
WAR WITH NAZI GERMANY BEGAN IN SEPTEMBER/ 1939 AND BY JUNE 1940 HITLER'S FORCES HAD/ OCCUPIED MOST OF WESTERN EUROPE, WITH FASCIST/ REGIMES ALSO RULING IN ITALY AND SPAIN. FURTHER EXPANSION OF NAZI DOMINATION IN EUROPE/ DEPENDED ON BRITAIN BEING NEUTRALISED BY EITHER INVASION OR SURRENDER UNDER GERMAN TERMS. AS PRIME MINISTER WINSTON CHURCHILL VOWED THAT/ BRITAIN WOULD NEVER SURRENDER, THE GERMAN HIGH COMMAND COMMENCED 'OPERATION SEALION', THE INVASION OF BRITAIN. THE FIRST PRIORITY WAS FOR/ GERMANY'S LUFTWAFFE TO GAIN CONTROL OF THE SKIES/ ABOVE THE ENGLISH CHANNEL AND SOUTH EAST ENGLAND/ TO PREVENT THE ROYAL NAVY AND ROYAL AIR FORCE/ ATTACKING THE GERMAN INVASION FORCES WHILE THEY WERE AT SEA. ON 10TH JULY 1940 THE LUFTWAFFE STARTED A SERIES OF/ ATTACKS ON PORTS AND CONVOYS IN THE ENGLISH CHANNEL. USING ADVANCED WARNING FROM RADAR/ STATIONS. BRITAIN WAS DEFENDED IN THE AIR BY RAF/ FIGHTER COMMAND UNDER AIR CHIEF MARSHAL HUGH DOWDING, WITH BACKUP FROM BALLOON BARRAGES AND/ ANTI-AIRCRAFT GUN INSTALLATIONS ON THE GROUND. BY/ EARLY AUGUST, WITH GERMAN INVASION FORCES AND/ LANDING CRAFT BEING ASSEMBLED ON THE FRENCH COAST,/ THE ATTACKS BECAME MUCH HEAVIER, WITH GERMAN/ BOMBERS AND FIGHTERS CONCENTRATING ON RAF/ AIRFIELDS AND AIRCRAFT FACTORIES. DURING THE HOT SUMMER OF 1940, PILOTS, MANY UNDER TWENTY YEARS OF AGE. WOULD 'SCRAMBLE' FOR THEIR/ AIRCRAFT TO INTERCEPT ENEMY RAIDS AS OFTEN AS FIVE/ TIMES A DAY AND INTO THE NIGHT. OUTNUMBERED IN AIR/ BATTLES, EXHAUSTED RAF SQUADRONS WERE ROTATED TO/ STATIONS ELSEWHERE IN BRITAIN AND REPLACED BY FRESH UNITS, OFTEN CONTAINING A HIGH PROPORTION OF LESS/ EXPERIENCED PILOTS. BY EARLY SEPTEMBER THE INCREASINGLY CRITICAL SITUATION, ESPECIALLY IN AIR VICE MARSHAL KEITH/ PARK'S 11 GROUP, WAS RELIEVED TEMPORARILY BY THE/ LUFTWAFFE TURNING ITS ATTENTION TO LONDON IN A FINAL/ ATTEMPT TO BREAK THE BRITISH WILL TO RESIST. THE/ TURNING POINT CAME ON 15TH SEPTEMBER WHEN TWO/ HUGE AIR ATTACKS WERE REPULSED WITH HEAVY LOSSES/ LEADING HITLER TO CONCEDE THAT AN INVASION WOULD/ FAIL. DAY AND NIGHT ATTACKS CONTINUED THROUGH TO/ MAY 1941 BUT THE MAIN ASSAULT HAD ENDED BY LATE/ OCTOBER 1940. THIS FAILURE TO SUBDUE BRITAIN/ WOULD ULTIMATELY COST GERMANY THE WAR. OF THE 2936 PILOTS AND AIRCREW WHO FOUGHT IN/ RAF FIGHTER COMMAND IN THE BATTLE OF BRITAIN,/ 544 LOST THEIR LIVES AND A FURTHER 795 DID NOT LIVE/ TO SEE THE FINAL VICTORY IN 1945. ONE IN SIX WERE/ FROM COUNTRIES OUTSIDE THE UNITED KINGDOM AND/ ON THE PLAQUES SURROUNDING THIS MONUMENT, THEIR/ NAMES HAVE BEEN GROUPED ACCORDING TO COUNTRY OF/ ORIGIN. THE PLAQUES ALSO/ FEATURE THE BADGES OF THEIR SQUADRONS. IT IS IN HONOUR OF THE SPIRIT AND SACRIFICE OF THOSE/ KNOWN AS 'THE FEW' AND THOSE SUPPORTING/ THEM THAT THIS MONUMENT HAS BEEN ERECTED.
Inscription legible?
yes
Names on memorial
Adair, H H
Adams, D A
Adams, E H
Adams, H C
Adams, J S
Adams, R T
Addison, W N
Aeberhardt, R A C
Agazarian, N Le C
Aindow, C R
See details for all 799 names
Commemorations
  • Second World War (1939-1945)
    Total names on memorial: 2935
    Served and returned: 1597
    Died: 1339
    Exact count: yes
    Information shown: surname, rank, additional, initials of forenames
    Order of information: Undefined
Components
  • Wall
    Measurements: depth 20000mm, height 2000mm, width 250000mm
    Materials: Undefined
  • Plaques / Panels with names
    Measurements: Undefined
    Materials: Undefined
  • Relief
    Measurements: Undefined
    Materials: Bronze
Listing information
Condition
Costs

Site: Free
Comments: Site was donated by Westminster Council
Memorial: £1,450,000

Trust fund/Scholarship
No
Purpose: Unknown or N/A
Sponsorship
Public
Reference

This record comprises all information held by IWM’s War Memorials Register for this memorial. Where we hold a names list for the memorial, this information will be displayed on the memorial record. Please check back as we are adding more names to the database.

This information is made available under a Creative Commons BY-NC licence.

This means you may reuse it for non-commercial purposes only and must attribute it to us using the following statement:

© WMR-38895

For queries, please contact memorials@iwm.org.uk.