A contemporary of artist William Orpen, Anna Airy trained at the Slade School of Art. She was one of the first women war artists, employed by the newly founded Imperial War Museum in 1918.

Although a well-respected and successful female artist of her generation, the Munitions Sub-Committee of the Imperial War Museum, which commissioned Airy, imposed strict terms on her contract of employment


A Shell Forge at a National Projectile Factory

The interior view of a shell forge showing the glowing hot shell cases emerging from the furnaces on the left of the composition. Munitions workers man the furnaces on the left; in the foreground is the back of a worker leaning over a glowing hot shell case. Sunlight streams in though the windowless wall on the right of the forge.
© IWM Art.IWM ART (4032)

A Shell Forge at a National Projectile Factory, Hackney Marshes, London, 1918, by Anna Airy.

This piece was a particular challenge for Airy, who had to work with great speed to capture the colour of the molten shells. The factory was tremendously hot, and on one occasion the heat of the ground became so intense that her shoes were burnt off her feet.

These terms included their right to refuse a work and not pay for it. However, she successfully painted four large works for the Sub-Committee, each representative of a typical scene at a munitions or armament factory.

Airy's determination and adventurous spirit prepared her for the difficult conditions under which she had to paint inside the factories.

This article was edited by Alex Plant. Several IWM staff members contributed to an older version of this piece.

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