Geoffrey Malins helped to create an enduring record of the Battle of the Somme for future generations using the new medium of film.

Malins was a portrait photographer before he joined the Clarendon Film Company’s studios in London in 1910. He soon became chief cameraman. On the outbreak of the First World War in August 1914, he left and became a freelance war correspondent in Belgium and France filming newsreels.

Photographs

Geoffrey Malins

Studio portrait of Geoffrey Malins, taken during the First World War in Catford, London.
© IWM HU (93115)

Studio portrait of Geoffrey Malins, taken during the First World War in Catford, London.

In March 1915, the Kinematograph Manufacturers Association negotiated with the War Office to send two official cameramen to join the British Expeditionary Force. On 2 November, Malins and Edward Tong went to France, both with the rank of lieutenant.

Tong was invalided home in December but, by June 1916, Malins had made 26 films. The work was dangerous. By the end of his first year he had been wounded twice, deafened and badly shaken by explosions and gassed.

In June 1916, the War Office agreed that the forthcoming Somme offensive could be filmed. Malins was joined by John McDowell of the British and Colonial Film Company. Malins was attached to the 29th Division opposite Hawthorn Ridge, McDowell to the 7th Division near Mametz. On 10 July they returned to London with 8,000 feet of film. 

The completed documentary, which ran for 77 minutes, was first shown on 7 August 1916. The film was hugely popular with cinema audiences in Britain. An estimated 20 million people went to watch it in the weeks after its release. Although some scenes were recreated after the start of the battle, the action footage Malins captured remains a lasting record of an important historical event.

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British troops attacking on the Somme

Still from the film "Battle of the Somme": British troops go forward in 'No Man's Land'.
© IWM Q (70167)

A still of one of the staged shots from the film 'The Battle of the Somme' allegedly showing British troops advancing at the start of the battle on 1 July 1916. It is now accepted that this scene was staged for the camera at a training school behind the lines.

Malins continued filming in France but in spring 1917 he was forced to take sick leave. He returned in January 1918 but was not entirely fit and was discharged from the Army in June.

After the war, he published his memoir and continued his career as a film maker, his thirst for adventure often taking him abroad. In 1932 he settled in South Africa where he died of cancer in 1940.

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Invitation card to a screening of the film 'Battle of the Somme', at the Scala Theatre, Charlotte Street, London, August 1916.
© IWM (HU 59419)
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