obverse design: Generalfeldmarschall Baron Colmar von der Goltz, bust, right profile, in uniform and
obverse text: "GENERALFELDMARSCHALL FRHR.v.d.GOLTZ"
reverse design: soldier-cadets, German, in column of twos marching past, on the left, an officer-instructor
reverse text: "DEM GRÜNDER DER JUGENDWEHR"
German First World War portrait medal by Fritz Eue commemorating Wilhelm Leopold Colmar, Baron von der Goltz (1843-
1916), one in a large series of patriotic medallic tributes to senior German naval and military commanders produced by the artist during
the war. Von der Goltz's varied pre-1914 career as a professional soldier included the roles of military lecturer and as an author of
theoretical works on the relationship between the German Army and society. Following the outbreak of war in 1914 von der Goltz renounced
his uncongenial position as Military Governor of newly occupied Belgium and was appointed, in November 1914, as ADC to Sultan Mohammed V of
Turkey. In March 1915 he was given command of the Turkish 1st Army (as part of the preparations for the defence of the Gallipoli Peninsula)
and, in October 1915, he was given command of the Turkish 6th Army. Later, he was responsible for halting Sir Charles Townshend's Anglo-
Indian Expeditionary Force's progress in Mesopotamia, at Kut in December 1915. Von der Goltz died of typhus 10 days before Townshend
surrendered the remnants of his starving and disease-racked garrison on 29 April 1916. The reverse text on the medal is translated as 'To
the founder of the Young Men's Guard'. For a larger version of the medal in cast iron, see MED 779.