obverse design and text: (see) MED 673
reverse text : "SIDNEY SONNINO zugeeignet" (in 2 lines enclosed by a pentagon formed from stylised bones. Above and below the text a
Although aimed specifically at the Italian Foreign Minister, Sidney Sonnino, (1847-1922) this 1916 satirical piece
(one of a series of satirical medallions by Eberbach collectively titled 'The Dance of Death') condemns Italian treachery in detaching herself from the Triple Alliance and siding with the Allied Powers. After months of secret negotiations with the Entente, Italy declared war against Austria-Hungary on 23 May 1915. Eberbach, like that other notable German medallist Karl Goetz, saw only greed and self-interest as the cause for this defection. Additionally, he perceived in the successful Austrian offensive in the Trentino in 1916, a justified retribution for an unforgiveable injustice. The exergue text is translated as 'For the Latin faith' and the reverse text as 'Dedicated to Sidney Sonnino'. Ironically, on the outbreak of war, and before his appointment as Foreign Minister (November 1914), Sonnino had argued strongly for an Italian commitment to Germany and Austria-Hungary. See also MED 673.