British civilian schoolchild in GB, 1939-1946; officer trained with Royal Marines in GB and aboard HMS Sirius in GB coastal waters and West Indies, 1947-1949; served with 40 Commando, Royal Marines in Malaya and Egypt, 1950-1953; served as Housemaster with the Royal Marines School of Music at Deal, GB, 1954; served as ADC to Major General David Fellowes, Royal Marines at Stonehouse Barracks, Plymouth in GB, 1954-1956; served as instructor with NCO Wing at Stonehouse Barracks, Plymouth in GB, 1956-1957; served as adjutant with 45 Commando, Royal Marines in Cyprus, 1957-1959; served as instructor with Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst in GB, 1960-1962; commanded L Company, 42 Commando, Royal Marines in Far East and during Limbang Raid, 1962; student with Australian Army Staff College in Canberra, Australia, 1963-1964; served as staff officer with 17th Gurkha Division in Borneo, 1965; served as Assistant Secretary to the Chief of Staffs Committee at the Ministry of Defence in London, GB, 1966-1968; served as Amphibious Operations Officer aboard HMS Bulwark in Indian Ocean, Far East and GB coastal waters, 1968-1969; commanded Officers Wing at Commando School, Royal Marines at Lympstone, GB, 1969-1971; commanded 42 Commando, Royal Marines in GB, Northern Ireland, Canada and Mediterranean, 1972-1973; commanded Royal Marine School of Music at Deal in GB, 1973-1975; student with Royal College of Defence Studies in London, GB, 1976; commanded 3 Commando Brigade in GB, 1977-1979; commanded Royal Marine Commando Forces in GB, 1979-1982; commanded Land Forces during Falklands War, 1982
REEL 1 Aspects of period as officer with 42 Commando, Royal Marines in Persian Gulf and Far East, 1962: background to joining 42 Commando aboard HMS Bulwark in Persian Gulf, 1/1962; role of adjutant and relations with commanding officer; training on board ship; L Company training in Borneo; political situation in Borneo; return to Singapore and administration period. Recollections of operations commanding L Company, 42 Commando during Limbang Raid, 12/1962: political background to Brunei Revolt; outbreak of revolt in Brunei; insurgent taking over of police station at Limbang. REEL 2 Continues: taking of hostages by insurgents; hearing news of revolt in Singapore and allocation of his troop to go Brunei; rapid preparations for move to Brunei; flight from Singapore to Brunei Town; arrival at Brunei airport; spending night at airport; orders received from Brigadier Pat Paterson; gathering intelligence on Limbang; minor engagement on route to Public Works Department; meeting with Jeremy Black to discuss use of lighters; allocation of members of minesweeper crew for raid; question of location of hostages and number of insurgents. REEL 3 Continues: question of location of insurgent headquarters and hostages; plan for rescue of hostages; briefing for operation; atmosphere in troop prior to operation; issue of rations; description of Limbang River; stopping under cover on Limbang River; description of lighter; approach to Limbang; reaction of insurgents to sight of lighters and loudspeaker announcement; Sergeant-Major’s engaging insurgents with machine guns; sight of operation unfolding; wounding in back; ordering troops ashore; amusing story of petty officer’s reaction to engagement; situation on disembarkation. REEL 4 Continues: discovery of hostages in hospital; troop casualties; clearing of police station; rescue of other hostages; further details of troop casualties; arrival of reinforcements; discovery of police constable who had hidden in police station; capture of insurgents; ordering clearing buildings in town; incident of marine fell through tin roof of dwelling; wounding of Paddy Waters; situation at end of first day; spending night in hospital; dealing with back wound; insurgent firing on hospital at night; setting up company headquarters in residency; description of situation in Brunei; marine patrols and communicating with local civilians; company patrolling, 12/1962; Christmas celebrations, 25/12/1962; attitude of Chinese civilians towards insurgents. Aspects of operations commanding L Troop, 42 Commando in Brunei, 1963: move from Limbang into Brunei; start of rains; amusing story of reporting for flood relief duties. REEL 5 Continues: description of long houses; reconnaissance flight to Kuching airfield; plan to defend airfield at Kuching; company weapons including grenades; unit mortars; awards for Limbang Raid including reaction to his award of Military Cross; end of insurgency in Brunei, 1963; question of timing of insurgency in Brunei, 12/1962; reflections on Limbang Raid, 12/1962. Recollections of childhood in GB, : family. REEL 6 Continues: amusing story of family donkey escaping in Farnborough; family move to Ash Vale; childhood memories of life in Ash Vale; move to Plymouth; father’s posting to India; memories of brother; move to Farnham, 1936; holidays on south coast; attending school in Farnborough; story of injury to brother whilst playing on light railway; outbreak of measles in family. REEL 7 Continues: memories of family holidays with aunt; return of father from India, 1941; meeting with father on his return; father’s recall to take command of his battalion at Gibraltar; story of attempt to buy Easter eggs; family Christmas celebrations; memories of father and brother. REEL 8 Continues: pattern of father’s military career in Second World War; story of German aircraft being shot down near his school; Christmas at grandmother’s house in Selbourne, 1941; wartime rations; visits to cinema in Alton; death of brother in hospital; reaction to going to prep school; activities at prep school. REEL 9 Continues: holidays from school; memories of and reaction to declaration of Second World War, 3/9/1939; story of uncle removing magazine containing pictures of hanged Poles; uncle’s military command; Easter holidays, 1940; holiday with grandmother, summer 1940; reaction to hearing Prime Minister Winston Churchill’s broadcasts; memories of grandmother; sitting in Royal Observer Corps post at Selbourne; wartime shopping in Alton. REEL 10 Continues: activities at school on evacuation to Devon; story of air raid during holidays at Alton; visits to Grand National course at Aintree; parent’s move to Ceylon, 1949; parent’s colonial background; cross country run at Cheltenham College. REEL 11 Continues: Recollections of enlistment and training as officer with Royal Marines at Royal Marine Depot, Deal in GB, 1947: origins of officer recruits during train journey to Deal, 1/1947; pattern of courses for Royal Marine officers; training at Deal; reception on arrival; restrictions on officer recruits at Deal; officer and marines joint drill training; guard duties at Deal; polishing uniform items; degree of competitiveness amongst officers; amusing story of encounter between NCO instructor and officer recruit; character of fellow officer recruits. REEL 12 Continues: description of character of fellow officer recruits; number of officer recruits who didn’t finish officer training; character of training at Deal; rations and pay; amusing story of visits to café in Deal; story of having to give group talk to marines at request of instructor; question of motivation for joining armed services. REEL 13 Continues: attitude towards British presence in Canal Zone, Malaya, Cyprus, Brunei and Northern Ireland; learning history of corps; weekly routine; question of lack of free time; contrast between pre-war and post-war military service; division between commando trained and sea service marines on enlistment, 1947. Aspects of training as officer with Royal Marines in GB, 1947-1948: weapons training course; attending Advance Training Platoon course, autumn 1947; exercise Snowdonian mountains; start of naval training aboard HMS Ramilles. REEL 14 Continues: boat training; gunnery course at Eastney; question of officers becoming ‘course happy’. Aspects of sea training aboard HMS Sirius in GB coastal waters and West Indies, 1948: start of sea training aboard HMS Sirius; duties on board ship; acting as officer of the watch at Fishguard; acting as number two aboard ship’s motor launch; incident of being late for colours aboard HMS Sirius; reaction to hearing ‘sounding sunset’ aboard ship; cruise to West Indies; parade in Trinidad; sleeping on upper deck of ship; exercise in Tobago; visit to Cayman Islands. REEL 15 Continues: temperature aboard ship; return to GB in poor weather; reaction to being aboard ship in poor weather; time spent with parents. Recollections of period as Deputy Land Forces to Commander in Chief at Northwood during Falklands War, 1982: background to taking up position as acting Commandant General, Royal Marines after injury in IRA bombing of Lieutenant General Steuart Pringle, 10/1981; awareness of situation in South Atlantic and character of government enquires; discussions about threats in South Atlantic; reaction to recalling of troops for operations in South Atlantic; degree to which amphibious capability was not seen as a priority by Royal Navy. REEL 16 Continues: first meeting with Admiral Sir John Fieldhouse; need to demonstrate to Argentineans the need to withdraw from Falkland Islands by sending Task Force; role of commander; rapid provision of ammunition; atmosphere during week of preparations for sailing of Task Force; move to Northwood, 9/4/1982; nature of Northwood headquarters and command staff; manning of headquarters; question of sense of isolation at Northwood; attending interview for post military career; question of timing for retaking of islands; political atmosphere. REEL 17 Continues: background to decision to send two brigades by Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher; impressions of Margaret Thatcher and John Nott; question of degree of support received from army and RAF; question of need for two brigades to liberate Falklands; liaison with RAF; RAF contribution to Task Force; decision to use Fleet Air Arm helicopters in South Atlantic; provision of RAF Regiment Rapier unit; meetings with Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher including size of Argentinean forces, rules of engagement and public reactions; impressions of various politicians and senior military officers. REEL 18 Continues: impressions of Chief of General Staff, Field Marshal Bramhall; fatigue and strain of working at Northwood; question of confidence in carrying out operation; political developments; decision to retake South Georgia; execution of operation to re-take South Georgia; capture of Argentinean submarine Santa Fe on South Georgia; background to organisation of television announcements; question of background to why John Nott refused to allow senior officers to make television announcements; question of choice of senior naval officer to command forces in Falklands; arrangement for hospital ships; loading of ships in Task Force and problems caused sequence of orders and planning. REEL 19 Continues: question of weather during operation and role of Royal Navy ship’s in conflict; decision to land at San Carlos on East Falklands; degree of satellite cover of islands; instructions to plan for landing on islands; background to decision for him to go to Falklands to command Land Forces; apprehension about role of Argentinean Air Force and carrying out an amphibious landing; degree of knowledge of 5 Brigade; acquiring staff officers. REEL 20 Continues: arrival of deputy commander; Special Forces under his command; use of diesel engined submarine to land Special Boat Service; use of helicopters to land Special Forces; role of Special Forces in Falkland Islands; story if Special Boat Service observation patrol watching Stanley; communications used by Special Forces; his assessment of Argentinean and British forces. REEL 21 Continues: effects of sinking of HMS Sheffield, 4/5/1982; meeting with General Bramall prior to attending Cabinet briefing, 5/1982; description of attending Cabinet briefing, 5/1982; decision for him to remain in GB for the longest possible time. Recollections of operations commanding Land Forces during Falklands War, 1982: options for his getting to Falkland Islands, 5/1982; flight to Ascension Island; reaction to passage south in QE2. REEL 22 Continues: question of pressure from British Government for more action in Falkland Islands; effects of loss of helicopters aboard Atlantic Conveyor; concerns about 5 Brigade; reasons for lack of sleep on board QE2; helicopter flight to HMS Antrim; outlining his method of communication with Northwood; amount of contact with Northwood; daily operating routine. REEL 23 Continues: Admiral Sandy Woodward’s provision of helicopters for land operations; transfer to HMS Fearless; arrival at San Carlos and meeting with Major General Julian Thompson; reaction to being on ground in Falklands; handing present of Stilton cheese to Julian Thompson; visit to Goose Green for burials; his reaction to the Battle of Goose Green; accident amongst Argentinean POWs moving ammunition stocks at Goose Green settlement; headdress worn during campaign; pack taken; daily routine. REEL 24 Continues: Argentinean Air Force firing of missile at HMS Fearless; impressions of Captain Jeremy Larken of HMS Fearless; shooting down of Argentinean Lear Jet; discussion about potential Argentinean chemical attack on Task Force; discovery of Argentinean stocks of napalm; flights in Gazelle helicopters to visit forward units; trench foot problems faced by troops; visit to 5 Brigade; discovery that Argentineans had left Bluff Cove and its capture by 2nd Bn Parachute Regiment; his attitude towards capture of Bluff Cove; reaction to briefing of journalists by Brigadier Anthony Wilson; low level flying in Gazelle helicopters. REEL 25 Continues: evening briefings and dining with Commodore Michael Clapp; importance of making ‘thinking time’; character of daily briefing to government; organisation of ‘thinking time’; preparations for managing surrender and method of negotiations; description of British advance towards Stanley; need for advance from the south of Stanley; contrast between Royal Marine and US Marine Corps operating methods and how Argentineans followed US Marine Corps doctrine. REEL 26 Continues: risks of advancing forces to south of Stanley; plan to discharge troops at Bluff Cove in one go; communication with Commander in Chief over advance; situation at Fitzroy when RFA Sir Tristan and Sir Galahad were attacked by Argentinean Air Force; question of reasons for delay in 1st Bn Welsh Guards disembarking from RFA Sir Galahad; visit to casualties; second communication with Commander in Chief after incident; chatting to Welsh Guard survivors at San Carlos. REEL 27 Continues: question of dealing with casualties; decision to keep bulk of 40 Commando, Royal Marines in San Carlos beach-head; sending forward two companies of 40 Commando, Royal Marines to reinforce Welsh Guards; decision to let 40 Commando, Royal Marines to take Argentinean surrender on West Falklands; decision to discussion plans to attack Stanley aboard HMS Fearless; Argentinean positions on approach to Stanley; plan for broad front attack on Stanley. REEL 28 Continues: question of behaviour of commander of 5 Brigade; further details of plan for broad front attack on Stanley; attack on Top Malo House by British forces; encounter between Special Air Force patrol and Argentineans and shooting down of Harrier pilot at Stanley airfield; background to accidental shooting down of Gazelle by HMS Cardiff; question of journalistic response to incident; shooting down of Gazelle helicopters by Argentineans during San Carlos landings. REEL 29 Continues: move of headquarters to Port Pleasance near Fitzroy; question of ammunition supply during Battle of Stanley; religious communion in cabin prior to move from HMS Fearless to Port Pleasance; 42 Commando, Royal Marines patrol actions on Mount Harriet prior to battle; 42 Commando, Royal Marines attack on Mount Harriet; question of not interfering in conduct of unit actions; artillery communications. REEL 30 Continues: amusing story of differing radio communication styles; reasons for 24 hour delay in 5 Brigade attacks; Argentinean Air Force attack on 3 Commando Brigade headquarters during visit; damage to helicopter after attack; visit to 1st Bn Scots Guards; incident of walking into minefield; amusing reaction of marines on his arrival back at Port Pleasance; 5 Brigade night attacks, 13/6/1982-14/6/1982; decision to use of psychological attacks to pressure Argentineans; success of night attacks, 13/6/1982 –14/6/1982. REEL 31 Continues: orders to advance on Port Stanley; uncertainty about location of civilian population in Port Stanley; sight of Argentinean white flags in Port Stanley; sending Rod Bell into Port Stanley to discuss surrender; question of use of term unconditional surrender in surrender document; decision to set up line of demarcation line between British and Argentinean troops; flight in Westland Sea King from Fitzroy to Port Stanley, night 14/6/1982; question of whether Argentineans would actually surrender, 14/6/1982; surrender ceremony at Government House, Port Stanley, 14/6/1982. REEL 32 Continues: conduct of surrender ceremony; impressions of General Mario Menendez; his attitude towards General Mario Menendez; origins of fires in Port Stanley after surrender; visit to civilians in West Store in Port Stanley; sending communication to British Government; visit to doctor in hospital; return to Government House and discovery of General Mario Menendez medication; state in which Argentineans had left Port Stanley; request from Argentinean officers to keep firearms; appearance of Argentinean officers in contrast to British troops; opinion of Argentinean forces; question of stories circulating amongst Argentineans about British troops. REEL 33 Continues: state of Government House on capture; rounding up of Argentineans by 42 Commando, Royal Marines; transporting of Argentineans to Uruguay; billeting of troops on islands; transporting British forces back to GB; reasons for separating Royal Marines and Parachute Regiment for return voyage. REEL 34 Continues: decision of Royal Marines to go home in Canberra; decision to send Gurkhas back to GB before Scots Guards; farewell party with Gurkhas; amusing story of penguins watching aircraft; reaction to loss of Lieutenant Richard Nunn in Gazelle shot down by Pucara; tension with Argentineans post campaign; visits around islands; question of having to face media criticism on return to GB; drive in governor’s car to Stanley Airport, 7/1982; preparations to meet media on return to GB on flight from Falkland Islands to Ascension Island; meeting family on return to RAF Brize Norton; nature of press conference. REEL 35 Continues: relations with journalists; question of press relations during Falklands War; character of military press officers; interview post Falklands and wish to get across importance of role played by Major General Julian Thompson; opinion of television researcher Gillian Rathbone working on Falklands War programme; question of distortion in BBC drama ‘Tumbledown’. REEL 36 Continues: relations with press during Falklands War; background to commentating on Gulf War, 1991; attending conference in Australia during Gulf War; unique nature of Falklands War and justification for war; HMS Endurance communications with GB during war; reaction to British press towards his status on return to GB; attitude towards media interviews; attitude towards fame issue after Falklands War; REEL 37 Continues: opinion of Sir John Fieldhouse as Commander in Chief; question of lack of interest in lessons of Falklands War shown by staff college; question of awards to participants at end of campaign; confidents during war; degree and source of fear during campaign; reasons for taking bible and collections of sonnets to Falklands. Recollections of operations as officer with 40 Commando, Royal Marines in Malaya, 1950-1953: voyage from GB to Singapore on troopship; Jungle Exercise Without Trees in Suffolk, GB prior to posting; move to camp at Kuala Kangsar. REEL 38 Continues: joining commando, 11/1950; organisation of commando troop; character of Malayan Races Liberation Army; aims and activities of Malayan Races Liberation Army; role of troop in dominating areas; influence of fortified villages on insurgents; reasons for 40 Commando not having the same number of contacts as other commandoes; first patrol in which he escorted marine out of jungle; joining X Troop at Taiping; character of Taiping; social activities; degree of confidence on joining unit. REEL 39 Continues: attitude towards jungle; encounters with tiger and spiders in jungle; rainfall in Taiping and jungle; incident of radio operator knocking hornet’s nest out of tree; amusing stories illustrating character of fellow officer; move to Grik; use of convoys to Grik; opinion of assault engineer officer allocated to troop; acting as second in command of troop. REEL 40 Continues: operation to follow large gang of insurgents who had attacked a kapong; organisation of patrols; air support; quality of communications; digging up dead insurgents for identification purposes; discovery of fifty leeches on his foot; loss of marine in jungle stream; spending night on water-soaked island. REEL 41 Continues: encounters with Sakai; receiving air supply drops; problems of finding locations for air drops; getting clean on return to camp; use of parachute silk; story of consequences of error in troops’ pay account; visit to Chinese wedding; move to Kuala Kangsar; commanding officer Martin Price’s independent means; amusing party at Sultan’s palace; amusing stories relating to brother officer; laying ambush for two weeks next to road and railway; dealing with marine who fell asleep during ambush; story of marine’s accidental discharge. REEL 42 Continues: amusing story of brigadier causing accidental discharge from machine gun in scout car; reaction of superior to patrol he had returned with because of illness; amusing story of illuminating bomb that didn’t go off in Kampong; amusing story of marine who had a encounter with naked woman during search; patrol in which insurgents encountered in rubber plantation; removing corpses of insurgents back to camp; award of Military Cross for operation; memories of Peter Whiteley and Pat Willasey-Wilsey. REEL 43 Continues: reaction to being under fire during encounter with insurgents; reasons why he did not carry out follow up operation; actions after firing had stopped during encounter with insurgents. Aspects of period as officer with 40 Commando, Royal Marines in Egypt, 1953: exercise in Cyprus; impressions of Guards units; move to Egypt by flying boat; character of Royal Marine camps in desert; amusing story of problems with jeep during desert exercise. REEL 44 Continues: commanding officer’s obsession with digging in; social activities; incident of cousin accidentally discharging weapon in mess; listening to Coronation on radio; participation in parachute course; attitude towards parachuting; duties guarding bridge on Sweetwater Canal; hospitalisation for dysentery and malaria; return flight to GB aboard Avro York, 10/1953; question of reporting to Eastney Barracks. REEL 45 Continues: leave after overseas service; impressions of support received from Fleet Air Arm during exercise in Malta; political situation in Egypt over Suez Canal; attitude towards service in Egypt; theft of his wallet and cigarette case in Egypt; prior recollection of observing King’s funeral in Malaya, 1952. Aspects of officer training at Stonehouse Barracks, Plymouth and Warminster, GB, 1950: question of prospect of doing sea service and confidence; opinion of instructors on course; attending platoon commanders’ course at Warminster; relations between army and Royal Marines at Warminster; amusing story of misadventure during exercise; volunteering to be batman for platoon commander during exercise. Aspects of period on Commando Course at Bickleigh in GB, 1950: background to attending course; activities during test week. REEL 46 Continues: physical demands of 30 miler; how injured would have to take course again; reaction to passing course; forming up on draft to 3 Commando Brigade in Far East. Aspects of period as officer with 40 Commando, Royal Marines in Malaya, 1950-1953: voyage from GB to Singapore; initial apprehension about reception from marines; effects of experience and growing confidence during service; how holding command of a Commando is pinnacle of career; question of aspirations as junior officers. Aspects of period as Housemaster of the Royal Marines School of Music at Deal, GB, 1954: activities during Leave on return from Egypt, 1953; attitude towards role as Housemaster; background to taking over duties instructing NCOs; explanation of term NCO cadre; degree to which he was involved in the music. Aspects of period as ADC to Royal Marine Major General David Fellowes at Stonehouse Barracks, Plymouth, GB, 1954-1955: taking up offer to become ADC; daily duties; question of use of military vehicles for senior officers personal use; question of relations between sea service and commando trained marines; question of treatment of Commandos on return from active service to Eastney Barracks; visit by Commandant General Sir Campbell Hardy. REEL 48 Continues: Aspects of period as instructor with NCO Wing, Stonehouse Barracks, Plymouth in GB, 1956-1957: background to obtaining position; attending course at Warminster; memories of NCO instructors; background to becoming adjutant with 45 Commando, Royal Marines in Cyprus, 1957. REEL 49 Continues: Aspects of period as instructor with Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst, 1960-1962: attitude to period at Sandhurst; memories of Company Sergeant-Major Jacky Lord; memories of Anthony Farrar-Hockley; memories of Denis O’Flaherty; reaction to not being selected for staff college; pattern of duties with cadets. REEL 50 Continues: compassion leave on father’s death in Kenya, 1961. Aspects of period as adjutant with 45 Commando, Royal Marines in Malta, Libya and Cyprus, 1957-1959: relations with commanding officer; relations between established and newly arrived subalterns; relations between adjutant and subalterns; officer who used coon skin cap for foolishness in troop; story of officer who misjudged feeling in troop; recall exercises; role of adjutant within unit; attempt to develop understanding within military units. REEL 51 Continues: injury to Jack Richards in accident; diversion to Libya during unit move from Malta to Cyprus; drive from Tobruk to Bengahzi, Libya; obtaining accommodation; arrival in Cyprus, 6/1958; incident where patrol left behind dead body of officer; working and training regime operated; situation in Cyprus on arrival. REEL 52 Continues: Aspects of period as officer with 42 Commando in Far East, 1962: background to posting to 42 Commando, Royal Marines, 1962; joining commando aboard HMS Bulwark; command structure. Aspects of period as student at Australian Army Staff College in Canberra, 1963-1965: joining staff college; discussions with Indonesian student about experiences against Dutch; relations with Australians; activities during leave periods; instructors; attitude of Australians towards extra-curicular activities; activities during leave periods. REEL 53 Continues: trip to Alice Springs; voyage from Australia to Singapore. Recollections of period as staff officer with 17th Gurkha Division in Borneo, 1965: posting to division; character of brigade areas and deployment; question of RAF’s attitude towards flying in contrast with Fleet Air Arm; incident when rotor blades were damaged by tree tops; background to the Confrontation; aiding hill tribes; nature of cross-border operations; opinion of role of Royal Marine commandoes in Borneo; skill of British troops in jungle. REEL 54 Continues: Indonesian attack on 2nd Bn Parachute Regiment at Plaman Mapu; fate of Indonesian officer who was student at Australian Army Staff College; question of lack of company command experience; amusing story of Australian officer’s sight of Gurkha pipe band; promotion to major during period and question of prospects. REEL 55 Continues: background to return to GB. Aspects of period as Assistant Secretary to the Chief of Staffs Committee at the Ministry of Defence in London, GB, 1966-1968: workings of committee; duties during committees; areas of responsibilities; character of despatches sent by military attaché in Brasil; domestic arrangements in accommodation in London; background to meeting future wife; arrival of new Secretary and working regime. REEL 56 Continues: problems with withdrawal from last colonial possessions; character of Admiral Michael Le Fanu; background to proposing to future wife and marriage, 1966; domestic arrangements; improvements in written work. REEL 57 Continues: Recollections of period as amphibious operations officer aboard HMS Bulwark in Indian Ocean, Far East, GB coastal waters and Mediterranean, 1968-1969: joining ship south of Arabia; background lecture received from ship’s captain Arthur Power; relations between ship’s crew and embarked commando units; story of farewell breakfast for Captain Arthur Power; return to Portsmouth for refit; planning duties and role; leave during refit; amusing story of wife’s reaction to injury received during mess games. REEL 58 Continues: exercise off Norway; character of new Captain John Templeton-Cotill; character of complex amphibious exercises in Mediterranean; participation in NATO exercise in Greece; opinion of American and other NATO forces encountered in exercises. Aspects of period commanding Officers Wing at Commando School at Lympstone, GB, 1969-1971: background and attitude towards posting; character of presentations given to visitors; composition of training team; how officers’ learnt leadership and his designing of new leadership course. REEL 59 Continues: problems over relations with Commando Headquarters over statistics required; character of leadership training needed; dealing with University educated officer entrants into Royal Marines; question of Prince Edward’s motivation for joining Royal Marines; domestic arrangements; participation in Admiralty Selection Board in London. REEL 60 Continues: character of Royal Marine ethos; importance of officers and marines training together; question of spotting officers’ who will do well in their careers; personal approach to promotion and career; question of peak of career being commanding a Commando. Recollections of operations commanding 42 Commando, Royal Marines in GB and Mediterranean, 1972: appointment to command; relations with company commanders. REEL 61 Continues: story of charging marine for incident in Belfast during first tour of Northern Ireland; incident of calming marines down during arrest of Republican suspects after shooting; prior recollection of group of officers who failed map reading during 30 mile run during test week at Officers Wing; background to appointment and reaction to command 42 Commando; attempt to select adjutant; reconnaissance to West Indies. REEL 62 Continues: problems getting back from US; visit to unit in Northern Ireland; first address to unit; recall exercise; training sessions on route to exercises in Cyprus; character of exercises in Cyprus; explanation of command technique. REEL 63 Continues: reaction to poor umpiring during exercise in Greece; contrast between US Marines and Royal Marine officer/marine relations; size and nature of US Marine Corps support facilities; character and ethos of US Marine Corps; background to selection of Julian Thompson as adjutant. Aspects of operations commanding 42 Commando, Royal Marines during Operation Motorman in Belfast, Northern Ireland, 1972: situation in Northern Ireland. REEL 64 Continues: receiving orders to move to Northern Ireland; reconnaissance prior to deployment of unit; encounters with Protestants during Operation Motorman; move to East Belfast; question of accommodation for troops in Belfast; move into accommodation in school; mixed companies under his command in East Belfast; incident during monitoring of Protestant march. REEL 65 Continues: outcome of incident; return to GB. Aspects of period commanding 42 Commando, Royal Marines in GB and Canada, 1972-1973: nature of exercise in Canada including encounter with Moose; unit leave in Montreal; return to GB and start of preparations for tour in Northern Ireland. Recollections of operations commanding 42 Commando, Royal Marines in Northern Ireland, 1973: role of Northern Ireland Advisory Team; reaction to briefing of unit by Northern Ireland Advisory Team; training for dealing with media; benefits of rotation of units to same areas of Northern Ireland. REEL 66 Continues: use of observation posts; character of marine whose legs were amputated after IRA explosion; visit to unit by General Frank King; amusing stories relating to Colonel Malcolm Cubiss; aftermath of visit to unit by General Frank King; role of commando in Belfast. REEL 67 Continues: organisation of patrols; incident of bogus allegation against NCO from drunken civilian; problems monitoring marching season crowds; lessons learnt from occasion when he came under-fire with patrol from sniper; character of provost police NCO; daily routine; IRA targeting of military units; casualties during tour. REEL 68 Continues: further details of daily routine; attempts to maintain normality; evening activities; how routine was maintained on return to GB and question of sleep; reaction to service in Northern Ireland; question of intensity of Northern Ireland experience; incident of shooting of marine in New Lodge Road. REEL 69 Continues: aftermath of shooting incident including ringing wife to explain situation; question of political/religious situation in Northern Ireland; reasons for improvements in situation in Northern Ireland; award of OBE. Aspects of period commanding Royal Marine School of Music at Deal in GB, 1973-1975: attitude to appointment to school; contrast between Royal Marine Band Service and Corps of Drums. REEL 70 Continues: importance of representing Band Service to Corps in general; role as commandant of depot at Deal; changes in role at depot at Deal; atmosphere at Deal and attitude towards service at Deal; visit to mine in East Kent coalfield; physical education of bandsmen; tasks of bandsmen during wartime; selection to become a student with Royal College of Defence Studies; finding house to live in. Aspects of period as student with Royal College of Defence Studies in London, GB, 1976: nature of course and students; question of method of picking up on daily news. REEL 71 Continues: course visit to Middle East including meetings with King Hussein of Jordan and President Sadat of Egypt; reaction to visit to Saudi Arabia during course visit; organisation of course. Recollections of period commanding 3 Commando Brigade in GB, 1977-1979: background to appointment to command brigade; role and responsibilities; visits to areas of Brigade’s NATO responsibility; relations with commanding officers from Commando units in brigade; style of working; attending Arctic Warfare Course. REEL 72 Continues: work with brigade Air Squadron; need to understand amphibious role of brigade; liaison with NATO partners; belief that Warsaw Pact attack could be stopped in a war situation; question of scenarios about Warsaw Pact intentions; work for Queen’s Jubilee celebrations; description of NATO exercise in Sardinia. REEL 73 Continues: dealing with RAF squadron commander over behaviour of his pilots; visit to Naples and Monte Cassino battlefield after exercise in Sardinia; importance of battlefield tours; relations between NATO allies.
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