British private served with 7th Bn East Yorkshire Regt on Western Front, 1915-1917.
REEL 1: Aspects of operations with 7th Bn East Yorkshire Regt on Western Front, 1915-1918: story about friend having cap blown off by shell explosion. Aspects of period with 7th Bn East Yorkshire Regt in GB, 9/1914-7/1915: story of enlisting with friends at Wenlock Barracks, Hull, 8/1914; attitude to being NCO; posted to barracks in Beverley; various memories of billets at the Beaver pub; story of train journey to Wareham and forming up into companies on station platform in rain; marched to tented camp in field; washing facilities; opinion of rations; trained in civilian clothes until issued with khaki uniform; story of gathering bracken from moors to cover pathways; moved from tents into huts, 11/1914; issued with Lee Enfield rifle; rifle training; improvement in rations and weather conditions, spring 1915; state of health; home leave after Christmas; moved to Romsey, 5/1915; issued with extra clothing, weapons and ammunition; entrained to Folkestone; description of boarding ship and night voyage to Boulogne, France, 7/1915. Aspects of operations with 7th Bn East Yorkshire Regt on Western Front, 7/1915-5/1917: story of seeing German POWs working on railway; description of train journey in cattle trucks to village near Calais; billeted in barn; marched to Dickebusch; reaction to first experience in front line; opinion of junior officers; story of being frightened by battery of own artillery opening fire; story of carrying boxes of ammunition from farmhouse into line; description of German shelling and mine explosions; reaction to arrival of naval guns on railway; problem of shells from Belgian battery dropping short.
REEL 2 Continues: story of being wounded by shrapnel during dawn attack on chemical works near Monchy, 12/May/1917; casualties in Bn; story about air raid on Hull during Second World War; story of being sent on night patrol armed with a revolver; story about death of miner Tommy Winter on the Somme; further memories of enlistment at Wenlock Barracks, GB, 1914; story about observing German lines through mirror.
REEL 3 Continues: duties with Lewis gun team, 9/1915; problem of ammunition shortage; use of Mills bombs; problem of falling asleep at post; attitude to not being visited by officers in the line; story about captain and batman staying in dugout during attack; opinion of NCOs; served on demobilization staff in Mansfield, GB until 1919; increase in pay; story about conversation with German POW; further comments on voyage to France, disembarkation and deployment into line; description of kit prior to embarkation; story of being given safety razor by former employer; description of wounds and medical treatment at 26th General Hospital in France; problem with feet; description of marching through night to board bus; story about sniper's bullet hitting rifle; story about relieving Welsh troops at St. Eloi; description of Belgian hospice in chateau; story of collecting water ration in petrol can under shellfire, 1915.
REEL 4 Continues: further comments on night patrol; reason for refusing promotion to lance-corporal; story about collecting case of ammunition; story about 'Wood bine Willie' and death of Cpt. Ashington at Sailly-Saillisel, 31/Jan/1917; story of witnessing shooting down of Baron von Richthofen, 4/1918; billeted in civilian house near Corbie; story about soldier falling down stairs; story about snowball fight with officers; opinion of bread ration; duties with Leicestershire Regt in GB, 1917; repetition of story about collecting case of ammunition; story about sergeant-major court martialled for deserting post.
REEL 5 Continues: story about newly arrived officer suffering from nerves; story about soldier shot in head lying in snow; story about being leaned on by dead soldier during night on Somme, 1916; repetition of story about 'Woodbine Willie' and death of Cpt. Ashington; description of trenches at Armentieres; description of journey to HQ and return home to Hull, GB, 5/1917; problem of lice; story about taking bath in vat at brewery; various memories of Western Front.
The Battle of Verdun (21 February-15 December 1916) became the longest battle in modern history. It was originally planned by the German Chief of General Staff, Erich von Falkenhayn to secure victory for Germany on the Western Front.
'Over The Top'. 1st Artists' Rifles at Marcoing, 30th December 1917, by John Nash.
Brothers Paul and John Nash were both commissioned as official war artists during the First World War - Paul from 1917 and John from 1918. Prior to becoming official war artists, both of the brothers had seen active service on the Western Front.
The trench warfare of the Western Front encouraged the development of new weaponry to break the stalemate. Poison gas was one such development. The first significant gas attack occurred at Ypres in April 1915, when the Germans released clouds of poisonous chlorine.