British NCO served with 1/4th Bn Royal Welsh Fusiliers on Western Front, 1914-1915, and with West African Frontier Force in East Africa, 1916-1918.
REEL 1: Aspects of operations with 1/4th Bn Royal Welsh Fusiliers on Western Front, 11/1914-1/1915: enlisted with Royal Welsh Fusiliers, 19/Feb/1912; volunteered for overseas service on outbreak of war, 4/Aug/1914; disembarked Le Havre, France, 5/Nov/1914; story about Bn sending representative party to St. Omer following death of Lord Roberts, 14/Nov/1914; problem of German snipers; description of Princess Mary's Christmas gift box; opinion of Retreat from Mons; took over French trenches in front line, 12/1914; duties as corporal in charge of quarter guard; use of dugout as Guard Room; story of being wounded with brother by shell explosion at Givenchy, 25/Jan/1915; medical treatment; problem of feet being frozen; description of conditions in trenches; admitted to No. 14 General Hospital, Boulogne; returned to GB aboard HMS Victory and disembarked Southampton. Aspects of period in GB, 1915-1916: description of medical treatment at military hospital in Liverpool; promoted sergeant and appointed drill and musketry instructor for 4th Bn Royal Welsh Fusiliers in GB; daily routine and duties; story of being prevented from joining draft to Dardanelles; volunteered for transfer to King's African Rifles; posted to West African Frontier Force. Aspects of operations with West African Frontier Force in East Africa, 1916-1918: posted as colour sergeant to Sierra Leone; accommodation at Tower Hill Barracks and in bungalow on river; problem of malaria; description of duties training Sierra Leone Carrier Corps.
REEL 2 Continues: Further aspects of operations with 1/4th Bn Royal Welsh Fusiliers on Western Front, 11/1914-1/1915: opinion of Lewis gun; opinion of rations; story of cutting hand while opening tin of bully beef; story about soldier shooting himself in the foot; relations with French civilians; question of some French civilians spying for Germans; opinion of French soldiers; description of La Bassee Canal; story of being knocked over by recoil from Royal Garrison Artillery gun; problem of not being able to take off boots; proximity to German trenches; problem of French troops making noise when taking over trenches; story of capturing German advanced post; conditions in trenches; opinion of Kitchener's Army and training; eating utensils; wiring parties. Further aspects of operations with West African Frontier Force in Sierra Leone, 1916-1918: opinion of Gen. von Lettow-Vorbeck; story about lion; further comments on duties with Sierra Leone Carrier Corps; story about soldier taking overdose of veronal; story of being taken ill on voyage back from Port Amelia.
The Battle of Verdun (21 February-15 December 1916) became the longest battle in modern history. It was originally planned by the German Chief of General Staff, Erich von Falkenhayn to secure victory for Germany on the Western Front.
'Over The Top'. 1st Artists' Rifles at Marcoing, 30th December 1917, by John Nash.
Brothers Paul and John Nash were both commissioned as official war artists during the First World War - Paul from 1917 and John from 1918. Prior to becoming official war artists, both of the brothers had seen active service on the Western Front.
The trench warfare of the Western Front encouraged the development of new weaponry to break the stalemate. Poison gas was one such development. The first significant gas attack occurred at Ypres in April 1915, when the Germans released clouds of poisonous chlorine.