British NCO served with B Bty, 46th Bde Royal Field Artillery on Western Front, 1917.
REEL 1: Aspects of operations with B Bty, 46th Bde Royal Field Artillery on Western Front, 1917: description of firing barrage prior to explosion of mines on Messines Ridge, 7/Jun/1917; location of Bty; type of guns and shells; role in gun team with two forward guns; description of preparations for barrage; method of registering guns; description of terrain at Passchendaele and problem of mud; use of roadway made of railway sleepers; location of observation post; organisation of Bty and gun team; story about signallers taking over German pillbox; description of SOS flares; sustained firing throughout night; synchronization of watches; role of Bty in support of infantry attack at Messines Ridge; proximity of German trenches; reaction to mines exploding; rate of fire; problem of noise caused by shells and aircraft dropping bombs; description of bodies inside pillbox; problem of lack of sleep; description of carrying ammunition and sandbags along wooden track under fire; story of taking shoes off dead horses; story of meeting brother at Dickebusch; rank and pay.
REEL 2 Continues: conclusion of story about meeting brother; description of conditions on Ypres Salient; feeding horses; story about own horse Billy; attitude to infantry.
The Battle of Verdun (21 February-15 December 1916) became the longest battle in modern history. It was originally planned by the German Chief of General Staff, Erich von Falkenhayn to secure victory for Germany on the Western Front.
'Over The Top'. 1st Artists' Rifles at Marcoing, 30th December 1917, by John Nash.
Brothers Paul and John Nash were both commissioned as official war artists during the First World War - Paul from 1917 and John from 1918. Prior to becoming official war artists, both of the brothers had seen active service on the Western Front.
The trench warfare of the Western Front encouraged the development of new weaponry to break the stalemate. Poison gas was one such development. The first significant gas attack occurred at Ypres in April 1915, when the Germans released clouds of poisonous chlorine.