British private served with 1/20th (County of London) Bn, London Regt on Western Front, 1915-1918
REEL 1: Aspects of period with C Coy, 1/20th (County of London) Bn, London Regt in GB, 1914-1915: story of joining up in London, 8/1914; description of training at Blackheath, Hatfield and St. Albans; drafted to France, 9/Mar/1915; description of journey from Luton to Le Havre. Aspects of operations with C Coy, 1/20th (County of London) Bn, London Regt on Western Front, 1915-1918: marched to tented camp outside Le Havre; entrained to Neuve Chapelle sector; reaction to hearing bombardment; relieved French troops in trenches; opinion of French trenches; role in operations during Battle of Loos, 9/1915; description of advancing with Lt. Partridge towards German trenches under heavy machine gun fire; dug in at chalk pits; story of Lt. Partridge being wounded during attack; story about German soldier wearing British uniform telling troops to fall back; description of 16 day period in front line; attitude to being sergeant-major's runner; story of mine exploding on Christmas Day and casualties, 12/1915; further memories of Lt. Partridge; moved to Vimy Ridge; problem of injury caused by carrying heavy loads; description of trenches and tunnels; story of seeing German aircraft shot down; opinion of French Army; story about French soldiers' heads impaled on sticks; various memories of home leave in London, 1916.
REEL 2 Continues: story about playing cricket in France; re-joined Bn on Vimy Ridge; story of being wounded in face by shrapnel at High Wood, Somme and medical treatment, 9/1916; description of further medical treatment in Manchester and London, 9/1916-1/1918; discharged from Army, 1/1918; civilian employment in warehouse; opinion of tanks; description of gas attack; description of terrain and trenches in Albert sector, Somme; further comments on being wounded by shrapnel at High Wood; problem of being unable to say 'I'm 21 today' because of shattered jaw.
The Battle of Verdun (21 February-15 December 1916) became the longest battle in modern history. It was originally planned by the German Chief of General Staff, Erich von Falkenhayn to secure victory for Germany on the Western Front.
'Over The Top'. 1st Artists' Rifles at Marcoing, 30th December 1917, by John Nash.
Brothers Paul and John Nash were both commissioned as official war artists during the First World War - Paul from 1917 and John from 1918. Prior to becoming official war artists, both of the brothers had seen active service on the Western Front.
The trench warfare of the Western Front encouraged the development of new weaponry to break the stalemate. Poison gas was one such development. The first significant gas attack occurred at Ypres in April 1915, when the Germans released clouds of poisonous chlorine.