British private served with Army Service Corps on Western Front, 1915-1917, and with 4th and 1st Bns Grenadier Guards on Western Front and in Germany, 1917-1919.
REEL 1: Aspects of period in GB, 1914-1915: reason for enlisting with Army Service Corps; training; issued with uniform and kit prior to embarkation; description of voyage from Southampton to Le Havre, France, 2/1915. Aspects of operations with Army Service Corps on Western Front, 2/1915-3/1917: posted to Ostrohove camp, Boulogne; duties supplying food to troops in front line; story of applying for transfer to Guards, 9/1915; opinion of training in GB; daily routine and duties loading trains with meat at Boulogne; duties as clerk to Veterinary Officer at Maricourt, 1916-1917; story of being transferred to Grenadier Guards in GB, 3/1917. Aspects of period with Grenadier Guards in GB, 4-12/1917: training at Guards Depot, Caterham and Chelsea Barracks, London; guard duty at Buckingham Palace and St. James's Palace; story of receiving four days CB for carrying coal; drafted to 4th Bn Grenadier Guards in France, 12/1917. Aspects of operations with 4th Bn Grenadier Guards on Western Front, 12/1917-2/1918: moved into line near Albert, Somme; reaction to first experience of being under fire; description of living conditions in trenches in Douai sector; admitted to hospital in Etaples with frostbite and trench feet; returned to Southampton aboard hospital ship; story of being dropped on deck by German POW. Aspects of period in GB, 2-8/1918: description of medical treatment and convalescence; story of playing banjo in concert party; drafted to 1st Bn Grenadier Guards, 8/1918. Aspects of operations with 1st Bn Grenadier Guards on Western Front and in Germany, 8/1918-4/1919: role as machine gunner during pursuit of Germans; opinion of Bn CO Lord Glanusk; story about receiving news of Armistice, 11/Nov/1918; description of march to Cologne, Germany, 18/Nov-18/Dec/1918; duties as clerk in Demobilization Office until demobilized, 4/1919; description of advance at Cambrai, 1918; description of living conditions in Arras sector; story of sergeant firing at German soldier in trench; story of soldier hit in chest by minenwerfer; problem of frostbite and gangrene in toes.
The Battle of Verdun (21 February-15 December 1916) became the longest battle in modern history. It was originally planned by the German Chief of General Staff, Erich von Falkenhayn to secure victory for Germany on the Western Front.
'Over The Top'. 1st Artists' Rifles at Marcoing, 30th December 1917, by John Nash.
Brothers Paul and John Nash were both commissioned as official war artists during the First World War - Paul from 1917 and John from 1918. Prior to becoming official war artists, both of the brothers had seen active service on the Western Front.
The trench warfare of the Western Front encouraged the development of new weaponry to break the stalemate. Poison gas was one such development. The first significant gas attack occurred at Ypres in April 1915, when the Germans released clouds of poisonous chlorine.