British private served with 1/9th (Cyclist) Bn, Hampshire Regt in GB, 1915-1916 and with 2nd and 15th Bns Hampshire Regt on Western Front and in Italy, 1916-1918.
REEL 1: Aspects of period in GB, 1915-1916: story of enlisting with 1/9th (Cyclist) Bn, Hampshire Regt in Southampton, 9/1915; description of duties with Coastal Patrol in Dorset; posted to Bn HQ in Bognor, 7/1916; sailed from Southampton to Rouen, France, 8/1916. Aspects of operations with 2nd Bn Hampshire Regt on Western Front, 8-10/1916: joined Bn as reinforcements in Ypres; story about using corrugated iron sheets as shield against machine gun fire; transferred to Somme area, 9/1916; relations with regulars and NCOs in Bn; description of marching through Corbie and Albert to front line; nature of terrain; problem of identifying trenches in dark; story of being wounded in head by piece of shrapnel at Delville Wood, 13/Oct/1916; description of medical treatment in France and GB; posted back to France, 4/1917; story about discontent at Central Training School, Rouen; story of joining Base Depot Orchestra in Rouen as pianist; drafted to 15th Bn Hampshire Regt, 8/1917. Aspects of operations with 15th Bn Hampshire Regt on Western Front and in Italy, 8/1917-10/1918: joined Bn in Ypres sector; description of White Chateau at Hollebeke; story about signals post concealed in old building; opinion of contour map used to plan attack.
REEL 2 Continues: opinion of Haig and High Command; story of being shot in neck during attack at Tower Hamlets, 20/Sept/1917; evacuated to 3rd General Hospital, Le Treport; story of hospital tents being blown down during gale; living conditions at Passchendaele; problem of uniform being covered in mud; role of Bn holding line at Bray-sur-Somme; moved to Dunkirk; opinion of accommodation in factory; description of train journey to Italy, 11/1917; marched to Piave sector; opinion of French and Italian civilians; location of camp; description of front line and nature of fighting; contracted fever and treated at hospitals in Italy and France; story about British soldiers under arrest escaping during train journey to Rouen; returned to GB for marriage, 7/1918; rejoined 15th Bn on Ypres Saleient; description of aftermath of German March offensive and retreat; story of being shot in buttock and crawling into shell hole, 4/Oct/1918; problem of entrenching tool sticking out of pack and attracting enemy fire.
REEL 3 Continues: story of leaving shell hole and receiving medical treatment for bullet wound; returned to GB and admitted to hospital in Leeds; reaction to news of Armistice, 11/Nov/1918; period of convalescence; posted back to Depot in Winchester; story about wife and sister working at clinic in Southampton during influenza epidemic; reaction to contracting influenza after demobilization; description of terrain and living conditions on Somme and Ypres Salient.
The Battle of Verdun (21 February-15 December 1916) became the longest battle in modern history. It was originally planned by the German Chief of General Staff, Erich von Falkenhayn to secure victory for Germany on the Western Front.
'Over The Top'. 1st Artists' Rifles at Marcoing, 30th December 1917, by John Nash.
Brothers Paul and John Nash were both commissioned as official war artists during the First World War - Paul from 1917 and John from 1918. Prior to becoming official war artists, both of the brothers had seen active service on the Western Front.
The trench warfare of the Western Front encouraged the development of new weaponry to break the stalemate. Poison gas was one such development. The first significant gas attack occurred at Ypres in April 1915, when the Germans released clouds of poisonous chlorine.