British officer served with 1st Bn Royal Ulster Rifles in GB, 1/1959-10/1950; served with 1st Bn Royal Ulster Rifles, 29th British Infantry Bde in Korea, 11/1950-10/1951 [Reels 10-26 have restricted access]
REEL 1 Aspects of enlistment and training with British Army, 1948: family background of military service; reasons for leaving medical school to join regular army; attending Regular Commission Board; membership of cadet force at school in Coleraine; reaction to dropping of atomic bombs; basic training with 12th Lancers at Barnard Castle; training on Daimler Armoured Cars; adjustment to discipline. Recollections of period as officer cadet at Royal Military Academy at Sandhurst, 1948- 1949: attitude to early weeks at Sandhurst; membership of athletics team; daily routine; living conditions and use of free time; system of assessment; final order of merit; attending concerts.
REEL 2 Continues: commandant General Hugh Stockwell's mode of personal transport; opinion of instruction and instructors; character of exercises; methods of instruction; requirement to qualify in French; insistance on own choice of regiment. Aspects of period as officer with Anti-Tank Platoon, 1st Bn Royal Ulster Rifles in GB, 1950: joining unit at Colchester, 1/1950; lack of National Servicemen in unit; warning of order for posting to Sudan; unit policy on games; reception by platoon on arrival; relations with batman; acceptance aided by athletic prowess; assistance from NCOs; anti-tank weapons and vehicles; character of platoon; incident of being attacked by reservist; preparations for deployment to Korea; degree of knowledge about Korea. Recollections of operations as officer with 1st Bn Royal Ulster Rifles, 29th British Infantry Bde in Korea, 11/1950-10/1951: anti-guerilla patrols in hills on arrival in Korea; threat to troop train; first impressions of Korea; character of initial operations; terrain.
REEL 3 Continues: General Matthew Ridgeway's change of policy; accommodation at Suwon; composition of 29th British Infantry Bde; character of move northwards towards River Yalu; nature of roads in Korea; deployment to defend crossroads north of Pyongyang; behaviour of Americans retreating southwards; passing through positions of 27th Commonwealth Infantry Bde; NCO's successful foraging in Pyongyang; reasons for remaining in position; effective range of 17 Pounder Anti-Tank gun; winter clothing; arrangements at night; rations available; opinion of US rations; orders to tactically withdraw south via Pyongyang; role of anti-tank platoon and assault platoon covering rearguard for battalion column; artillery support on call; stops during withdrawal.
REEL 4 Continues: preparing defensive positions for ROK Division; reconnaissance for defence of Seoul and routes to US formations; impressions of Americans in Seoul area; quality of maps; rations available in 'Compo Canyon' during Christmas period, 12/1950; defensive positions in Happy Valley; terrain in Happy Valley area; Chinese attacks on unit positions, 2/1/1951; Chinese disguising themselves as refugees; receiving close air support; Chinese use of Bren guns; counter attack on Chinese; impressions of Chinese; orders to withdraw; attempt to stop tank of Cooperforce firing on unit; orders to fall back taking casualties with them; Chinese machine gun blocking retreat by bridge.
REEL 5 Continues: his attack with Sergeant Campbell on Chinese machine gun position; number of vehicles that crossed bridge; attack through village; method of evading Chinese ambush on foot; problems crossing River Han bridge; reception on gaining United Nations lines; number of casualties and stragglers found and rescued by US helicopter pilot; impressions of Chinese attacks; sheltering in houses; rumours that United Nations would evacuate Korea and effect of General Matthew Ridgeway on arrival; move up to River Han; absorption of reinforcements; reforming of platoon and posting to Mortar Platoon; leave in Japan; joining B Coy on return from leave in Japan; encounter with Chinese patrol on River Imjin; character of Chinese artillery fire; start of attack on Chinese hill top position.
REEL 6 Continues: character of attack on Chinese hill top positions; nature of Chinese positions; effect of artillery fire; Chinese use of mines; unit communications; Chinese delaying tactics; terrain on River Imjin; impressions of Belgian contingent; defences at Fort Nixon on River Imjin; opinion of Chinese reconnaissance patrols; use of Korean porters; move into reserve, 4/1951; start of Battle of River Imjin; battle patrol sent to recapture of Ulster Crossing; initial role clearing gun line and echelon areas; deployment to defend saddle of valley; patrol to contact 1st Bn Gloucestershire Regt.
REEL 7 Continues: orders to join battalion headquarters as signals officer; role laying lines to companies; character of British positions including role of 8th Hussars; layout of battalion headquarters and signals office; reliability of land lines; sight of Chinese attacks on hill; lack of casualties in defensive positions; close air support; character of withdrawal in valley bottom; Chinese attacks on tanks; use of pistol to stop frightened runaway soldier; crossing open ground underfire; state of 8th Hussars' tanks; end of action and casualties.
REEL 8 Continues: withdrawal to Suwon; attending signal course at battle school in Japan; visit to Hiroshima; memories of Christopher Nixon in Kure; degree of knowledge of signals after reading pamplet; strength and deployment of signals platoon; development of KANSAS and WYOMING defence lines; character of positions hills; recreational activities; crossing River Imjin; stranding of company on wrong side of River Imjin after flood; view forward from KANSAS line; wire, mine and napalm defences; contact with Belgian battalion; American tactics in attack; use of Oxford Carriers for battalion tactical headquarters.
REEL 9 Continues: conduct of patrols; organisation of artillery support; artillery response times and contrast between British and response times; encountering stronger Chinese resistance nearing The Hook; air support; instance when he directed Corps artillery; Chinese shelling; patrol activity at night; opinion of radio equipment; opinion of French Canadians; handing over to Canadians; commanding officer's style of command; system of giving orders; role of brigade commander; casualty evacuation; unit health, fitness, morale and discipline; lessons learnt in Korea; in reserve at Britannia Camp.
[REELs 10 - 26 have Restricted Access]