Danish Jewish civilian in Denmark, 1940-1943; inmate of Theresienstadt concentration camp, 1943-1945
REEL 1 Recollections of period as civilian living in Copenhagen, Denmark, 1930-1943: family origins; character of education; arrival of Jewish refugees, 1930s; arrival of German troops in Copenhagen, 4/1940; German behaviour to civilian population in Denmark prior, 8/1943. Recollections of arrest and imprisonment by Germans, 1943: attempt to escape to Sweden, autumn 1943; arrest by Gestapo, 10/1943; confinement in Horserod Camp. Recollections of period as inmate in Theresienstadt, 1942-1945: journey to Theresienstadt.
REEL 2 Continues: processing on arrival at camp, 10/1943; problems with fleas; work parent's involved with; rations; psychological effects on family members; deaths from prolonged appel, 11/11/1943; mother's illness; arrival of parcels from Danish Red Cross; trading of goods amongst inmates; superior accommodation Danish Jews received; postal system; degree of knowledge of war's progress; job as messenger boy; danger involved in his job; visit to Kleine Festung, 1944.
REEL 3 Continues: transports from camp to Auschwitz, late 1944; cultural activities; rumours that Swedish Red Cross would aid Danes. Recollections of liberation, 1945: arrival of Swedish Red Cross, 4/1945; removal of family to Sweden; period in Sweden; effects of imprisonment on members on his family. Story of migration to GB, 1970s. Question of effect of experiences.
In 1938 and 1939, nearly 10,000 children fleeing the persecution of Jews in Greater Germany (Germany, Austria, Czechoslovakia, and the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia), were brought to Britain on the Kindertransport ('children’s transports').
The Holocaust was the systematic murder of Europe’s Jews by the Nazis and their collaborators during the Second World War. The Nazis also enslaved and killed other groups who they perceived as racially, biologically or ideologically inferior or dangerous. Hear seven survivors talk about and reflect on their experiences.
After the end of the Second World War, the Allies brought the leading civilian and military representatives of wartime Germany and Japan to trial on charges of war crimes, crimes against peace and crimes against humanity. The principles of the trial of the Nazi leadership were agreed at a meeting of the ‘Big Four’ – Britain, the United States, the Soviet Union and France – in London in the summer of 1945, resulting in the Nuremberg Charter.