British officer served with 11th Sphinx Mortar Battery, Royal Artillery, 29th British Infantry Bde in Korea, 1951
REEL 1 Background in GB, 1929-1947: family circumstances; education; German Air Force attacks on Eastleigh area; sight of preparations for D-Day, ca 5/1944-6/1944; contact with German POWs, 6/1944. Recollections of period of army training in GB, 1947-1948: call up, 1947; influence of army upbringing on his reaction to basic training; rapid promotion to sergeant; effect of Guards training on him; opinion of Guards training; officer cadet training. Various aspects of period with holding unit in Kure, Japan, 1/1951: character of holding unit; training at battle school. Aspects of period with 45th Field Regt, Royal Artillery, 29th British Infantry Bde in Korea, 4/1951: reception in Pusan; sniper fire directed at train on route to Uijongbu, 4/1951; arrival with unit; move with advanced party to Kimpo Airfield. Recollections of operations with 11th Sphinx Light Anti-Aircraft Bty, Royal Artillery, 29th British Infantry Bde in Korea, 1951: joining unit in Seoul area; physical effects of being in battle; conversion of unit to 4.2 mortar battery.
REEL 2 Continues: different units supported; establishment of fall-back line; defensive fire; role in Operation Minden; United Nations' control of skies; rounds fired during capture of Samichon Valley, 3/10/1951; problems of firing mortars for long periods; all-round defence at night and occasion when he was cut off by infiltrating Chinese; humour extracted from use of VIP names; effect of US use of napalm; effects of shelling by USS Missouri; individually addressed Chinese propaganda; fore-knowledge of Chinese attacks from Korean porters; artistes who performed for troops especially Jack Warner, Marilyn Monroe and Carole Carr; US reaction to presence of Maoris in New Zealand artillery; incidents of US sailors carrying ammunition; preference for 45 handguns; amusing story of failure of password system; problems of firing mortars; question of reasons for higher US casualties.
REEL 3 Continues: rumours relating to Turkish troops in action; narrow escape during action, 23/4/1951; reaction to participation on infantry night patrols; danger from Chinese snipers; conscript officer who became time expired in middle of battle; false expectations of what to expect in Korea; incident of being mistaken for US general, 6/1951; history behind unit title; organisation of mortar battery; opinion of Chinese troops; uniform worn; sight of Korean civilian who ploughed minefield; quality of roads; attitude to political aspect of war; contact with Japanese civilians in Kure. Aspects of relief work with 34 Light Anti-Aircraft Regt, Royal Artillery during floods crisis in East Anglia, 1953: coastal defence work at Stiffkey; sights after floods in Norfolk; relations with civilians; move to Shoeburyness-Canvey Island area.
Submarines played a key role in operations throughout the Cold War. Commodore Frederic Thompson, kept himself and his crewmates entertained, by creating ‘radio’ programmes, which were then broadcast over the submarine’s internal speakers.