Polish Jewish inmate of Lodz Ghetto, 1940-1944; inmate in Auschwitz Concentration Camp and Hambuhen Labour Camp, 1944-1945
REEL 1 Background in Lodz, Poland, 1928-1939: family; relations between Jews and non-Jews; education; attending camp on eve of Second World War, 8/1939; family's involvement in trade union movement; character of city and its cultural/political life; visit to grandfather's home; family holidays; anti-Semitism incidents.
REEL 2 Continues: awareness of anti-Semitism; attitude towards discrimination. Aspects of period as schoolchild in Lodz, Poland, 1939-1940: German bombing of city; reaction to allies declaring war; arrival of Germans in city; sight of Germans cutting beards of orthodox Jews; growing restrictions on Jewish populace; reaction to having to wear Star of David; lack of protection for Jewish civilians; how younger brother was forced to clean German apartment; fate of uncle; how ethnic German warned father to leave prior to setting up of ghetto. Recollections of period as inmate in Lodz Ghetto, 1940-1944: obtaining accommodation; formation of ghetto; importance of continuing education; rations; start of industry in ghetto; description of ghetto; death of ghetto inmates; listening to illicit radios.
REEL 3 Continues: ghetto demonstrations; cultural life of ghetto; question of resistance; youth movement activities; deportations from ghetto, 1942; witnessing patients taken from ghetto hospital by Germans, 9/1942; witnessing speech from Chaim Rumkowski; escape of brother from Germans; hiding from Germans during deportations, 1942; how Jewish policeman ignored herself and brother during deportation; deportation of brother; hospitalisation for malnutrition. Aspects of period as inmate in Auschwitz Concentration Camp in Poland, 1944: preparations for deportation from ghetto; conditions during train journey to camp.
REEL 4 Continues: initial impressions on arrival at camp; selection procedure and separation from mother; reaction to showering and shaving; clothes issue; move into accommodation block and speech by Kapo; soup issue; nature of time spent in camp. Recollections of period as inmate of Hambuhen Labour Camp in Germany, 1944-1945: arrival in camp; speech by camp commandant; psychological state; nature of work in Hannover area; cruelty of female guard; kindness of male guards; maintaining moral standards; conversations with guards. Recollections of period as inmate in Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp, 1/1945-4/1945: march to camp; conditions in camp; contracting typhus.
REEL 5 Continues: reaction to being placed in isolation block; how inability to eat saved her; liberation and survival; importance of talking about experiences; reaction to discovery of small child by Germans during raid on Lodz Ghetto.
This unpleasant-looking character is called the Squander Bug, and it was created during the Second World War by artist Phillip Boydell, an employee of the National Savings Committee. The cartoon bug appeared in press adverts and poster campaigns as a menace who encouraged shoppers to waste money rather than buy war savings certificates.
American troops and locals at the Dove Inn, Burton Bradstock, in Dorset, 1944.
In 1942, the first of over 1.5 million American servicemen arrived on British shores in preparation for the Allied offensives against Germany during the Second World War. That year, the United States' War Department published Instructions for American Servicemen in Britain to help soldiers, sailors and airmen – many of whom had never travelled abroad before – adjust to life in a new country.