Polish Jewish inmate of Krakow Ghetto, Plaszow, Auschwitz and Bergen-Belsen camps, 1940-1945
REEL 1 Aspects of background in Krakow, Poland, 1935-1939: family circumstances; education. Aspects of German occupation of Poland, 1939: confiscation of family possessions and business; question of unimportance of possessions in comparison to food. Recollections of period as inmate in Krakow Ghetto: segregation of family; story of mother's disguising Turgel's attractiveness; advantage of mother speaking German; abortive attempt to escape as Chrisitian. Recollections of Plaszow: memories of camp commandant, Amon Goeth; punishment for female escapee; question of escaping; work sewing uniforms; fate of sister Miriam.
REEL 2 Continues: question of how brutality became a way of life; fate of sister Hela and brother Willek. Recollections of period as inmate in Auschwitz and Bergen-Belsen: conviction that her book 'I light a Candle' was used, without attribution, for film Schindler's List; German policy of splitting up families; mutual reliance of inmates; support given to mother during march to Bergen-Belsen; question that Germans had knowledge of concentration camps; reception at Auschwitz; . Aspects of journey to Bergen-Belsen, 1/1945: short stop at Buchenwald; conditions in cattle trucks. Recollections of period as inmate in Bergen-Belsen, 1945: arrival 2/1945; initial impressions of camp; nursing work in German Army hospital; behaviour of Irma Grese; sharing rations. Recollections of liberation of Bergen-Belsen, 4/1945: arrival of British tanks, 16/4/1945; initial friendly relations between British and German troops; arrested of Germans by Norman Turgel.
REEL 3 Continues details of camp surrender and meeting with future husband Norman Turgel; work in hospital including operating on huge boil; return of Norman Turgel 9/1945 and wedding in Lübeck, 10/1945. Recollections of move to GB and reflections of Holocaust experience: reception in GB; adapting to British life; return visit to Bergen-Belsen and decision to write memoirs; arrival of mother in GB; lecturing to educational establishments; reading of letter of condolence for husband Norman Turgel.
One of the most memorable elements of the Holocaust Exhibition is the video testimony by survivors which accompanies visitors along the route. But what happened to the survivors after the Second World War? How did they rebuild their lives in the years that followed their release from Nazi persecution?
As the Allies advanced across Europe at the end of the Second World War, they came across concentration camps filled with sick and starving prisoners. The first major camp to be liberated was Majdanek near Lublin, Poland in July 1944.