Danish student with University of Copenhagen in Copenhagen, Denmark, 4/1940-9/1943; member and leader of Holger Danske, Danish Resistance in Copenhagen, Denmark, 10/1943-5/1945
REEL 1 Background in Faaborg and Copenhagen, Denmark, 1921-1940: family; education. Recollections of period as student with University of Copenhagen in Copenhagen, Denmark, 1940-1943: reaction to German invasion, 9/4/1940; behaviour of occupying Germans after invasion; question of potential length of German occupation; attitude towards GB for not giving up the fight against Nazis in 1940; his first gestures of resistance, 4/1940; student demonstration against Four-Power Pact, 11/1941; reasons for membership of student shooting society; problems attempting to produce duplicated propaganda material; story of father's experience of fighting with Estonians against Russians and his capture and imprisonment, 1918; how father's experience made Dyrberg anti-military in outlook; aiding Jews to escape to Sweden, 1943.
REEL 2 Continues: story of friend who married Jewess in order to save her from German captivity. Recollections of period as member and leader Holger Danske, Danish Resistance in Copenhagen, Denmark, 10/1943-5/1945: making initial contact with group, 10/1943; first job transporting plastic explosive; concealing of plastic explosive in Christianborg Castle; use of cover names; narrow escape from German street search, 2/12/1944; story of shooting of group member codenamed 'Jakob', 4/1945; abortive plan to kidnap children of SS Obergruppenfuhrer Karl Best, 11/1943; abortive plan to shoot five German officers in retaliation for execution of resisters, 11/1943.
REEL 3 Continues: how head of group was sent to Sweden, late 1943; execution of woman who betrayed head of group; planting bombs to mark royal birth in Orstedsparken, 4/1944; importance of making a non-Communist resistance gesture in marking royal birth; shooting of Carsten Leif Bruhn Petersen, 24/5/1944; relations with Communist Resistance; opinion of Communist resister codenamed 'KK'; reasons for targeting of Danish collaborators rather than German troops; assassination of Danish head of Hilfspolizei, 19/4/1944; capture of Jorgen Haagen Schmitt codenamed 'Citronen', 19/9/1944.
REEL 4 Continues: escape in ambulance of Jorgen Haagen Schmitt, 19/9/1944; death of Jorgen Haagen Schmitt in gun battle at Gentofte, 15/10/1944; death of Bent Faurschou Hviid codenamed 'Flammen', 18/10/1944; importance of frequent contact to prevent resistance groups falling apart; story of narrow escape from Germans, 19/12/1944; question of psychological effect of work; singing songs at coffin of dead resistance members; attitude towards execution of collaborators.
REEL 5 Continues: story of how he lost part of finger during raid on factory, 30/9/1944; question of wild shooting by resistance 'waiting groups' at end of Second World War; activities on Liberation Day, 5/5/1945 including rescue of female collaborator about to be lynched and entering prison; story of meeting Danish Bde on it's arrival rom Sweden at Helsingar, 5/5/1945; meaning of Holger Danske; welcoming Danish Bde to Denmark, 5/5/1945.
One of the most memorable elements of the Holocaust Exhibition is the video testimony by survivors which accompanies visitors along the route. But what happened to the survivors after the Second World War? How did they rebuild their lives in the years that followed their release from Nazi persecution?
As the Allies advanced across Europe at the end of the Second World War, they came across concentration camps filled with sick and starving prisoners. The first major camp to be liberated was Majdanek near Lublin, Poland in July 1944.