British absolutist conscientious objector imprisoned in Wakefield, 1940-1941; tribunals at York and Leeds. Contributor of articles to "The Pacifist" and member of the Peace Pledge Union.
REEL 1 Recollections of pacifist influences, Yorkshire, 1919-1940: reads words of song,' I vow to thee my country,' opinion of song's sentiment; reactions to school discipline; deciding to become absolutist Conscientious Objector. Background to imprisonment as absolutist CO, 1940-1941: reads case for unconditional exemption as presented to tribunal at Leeds, 1940; attitudes of magistrates; appeal; opinion of alternativist COs; reads article on his conviction and subsequent refusal to comply with authorities, Yorkshire Evening Press, 11/9/1941; reads article from journal 'The Pacifist' on Peace Pledge Union meetings; attitude towards Quakers and Morris. Recollections of period in Wakefield Prison, Yorkshire, 1941-1942: sympathetic attitude of deputy governor; forms of resistance including refusal to wear gas masks; methods of punishment for CO inmates; influence of Leonard Bird and article, 'The Absolutist'; opinion of PPU leadership and alternativists
REEL 2 Continues: opinion of Dick Sheppard's anti war activities; reactions to contents of book on COs, 'Troublesome People, Enemies of War' by Caroline Moorhead; stories illustrating prison discipline and reactions of extremist COs; attitude towards alternativist employment. Recollections of period as porter, Friends Mental Hospital, York, 1941-1951: finding employment, 1941; opinion of hospital; waiting for call-up, 1941-1945. Activities as CO, 1951-1980: reads article recounting his activities with PPU for Rememberance Sundays in York.