Polish bandboy served with 23rd Lancers Regt, Polish Army in Poland, 9/1939; deportee in Kazakhstan, Soviet Union, 4/1940-2/1942; private served with Polish Armed Forces in the East in Soviet Union and Persia, 1942; private served as surgical nurse with Airborne Medical Coy, 1st Polish Independent Parachute Bde in GB and North West Europe, 1942-1945
REEL 1 Background in Poland, 1922-1939: family; education. Aspects of period as bandboy with 23rd Lancers Regt, Polish Army in Poland, 1/1939-10/1939: reasons for joining Polish Army, 1/1939; adjusting to army life; German Air Force bombing of unit near Czestochowa, 9/1939; handing over rifles to villagers; capture by Soviet Army; removal to Ostashkov, Soviet Union; interrogation by Soviets; foraging for food in field kitchens; Soviet hostility towards Polish officers; return home, 10/1939. Aspects of period as deportee in Kazakhstan, Soviet Union, 4/1940-2/1942: removal of his family to Soviet Union, 4/1940; train journey to Kazakhstan; work as cow head on collective farm.
REEL 2 Continues: control of collective farm by Soviet authorities; reaction of Polish deportees to news of German invasion of Soviet Union, 22/6/1941. Aspects of period as private with Polish Armed Forces in the East in Soviet Union, 1942: trek to join Polish forces at Kermene; joining Polish Army, 2/1942; outbreak of typhus dysentery at Kermene; journey from Soviet Union into Persia; journey from Middle East to GB via South Africa, 1942. Aspects of period as private with 1st Polish Independent Parachute Bde in GB, 1942-1944: arrival in GB; allocation to brigade band. Recollections of operations as surgical nurse with Airborne Medical Coy, 1st Polish Independent Parachute Bde during Operation Market arden in Netherlands, 9/1944: flight from GB to Netherlands, 9/1944; his parachute descent at Driel, 9/1944.
REEL 3 Continues: work of field hospital in Driel, 9/1944; assisting in operating theatre; evacuation of hospital at Driel; German lack of respect for Red Cross; under German shellfire; failure of attempt to cross River Rhine to Arnhem. Aspects of period as surgical nurse with Airborne Medical Coy, 1st Polish Independent Parachute Bde in Germany, 1945-1947: move to Osnabruck area, 5/1945; change in attitude of Poles towards German civilians; Polish/German relations; receipt of letter from Ernest Bevin urging Poles to return to Poland. Aspects of period with Polish Resettlement Corps in GB from 1947: in camp at Woodhall Spa; securing work in Nottingham; problems with trade union discrimination against Poles; housing problems faced by Poles in Nottingham.