German Jewish civilian in Breslau and Berlin, Germany, 3/1933-9/1942; inmate in Breslau Prison, Germany, 10/1942-12/1943; inmate in Auschwitz II-Birkenau Concentration Camp, Poland, 12/1943-10/1944 and Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp, Germany, 10-1944-4/1945
REEL 1 Background in Breslau, Germany, 1925-1933: family; secular nature of family life. Recollections of period as civilian in Breslau and Berlin, Germany, 3/1933-9/1942: effects of Nazi takeover 3/1933 including restrictions against Jews; moving to Berlin to study cello; Kristallnacht in Berlin, 9/11/1938-10/11/1938; problems faced by her family attempting to emigrate; reaction to outbreak of Second World War, 3/9/1939; failure of family to emigrate to Italy; impact of war; work in toilet paper factory; living conditions; deportation of parents, 1942; forging papers for French forced laboures in Breslau.
REEL 2 Continues: attempt to escape to France on forged papers and arrest at Breslau Station, 9/1942; reasons for helping French forced labourers. Aspects of imprisonment in Breslau Prison, Germany, 10/1942-12/1943: attempt at suicide after arrest; interrogation by Gestapo; transfer to Ministry of Justice custody, 10/1942; conduct of Special Court (Sondergericht) trial, 5/6/1943; short imprisonment and return to Gestapo custody. Aspects of period as inmate in Auschwitz-Birkenau Concentration Camp, Poland, 12/1943-10/1944: processing on arrival; recruitment to womens' camp orchestra.
REEL 3 Continues: role of orchestra; organisation of orchestra. Recollections of period as inmate in Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp, Germany, 10/1944-4/1945: removal to camp, 10/1944; comparison between Auschwitz II-Birkenau and Bergen Belsen Concentration Camps; disorganisation of camp; remaining with friends from disbanded womens' orchestra; liberation of camp, 4/1945; behaviour of Hungarian guards; her recuperation after liberation and work as interpreter; reaction of British troops to liberating camp. Aspects of period as inmate in Auschwitz II-Birkenau Concentration Camp, Poland, 12/1943-10/1944: privileges for womens' orchestra members.
REEL 4 Continues: conditions for women's orchestra; description of 'Canada' warehouse where inmate's belongings were kept; reasons why Germans used music in camp.
One of the most memorable elements of the Holocaust Exhibition is the video testimony by survivors which accompanies visitors along the route. But what happened to the survivors after the Second World War? How did they rebuild their lives in the years that followed their release from Nazi persecution?
As the Allies advanced across Europe at the end of the Second World War, they came across concentration camps filled with sick and starving prisoners. The first major camp to be liberated was Majdanek near Lublin, Poland in July 1944.