French civilian member of French Resistance in Toulouse, France, 1940-1943; inmate of Buchenwald, Mittelbau-Dora and Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camps, Germany, 10/1943-4/1945
REEL 1 Recollections of background in Grisolles, France, 1918-1939: family circumstances; education. Aspects of period as member of French Resistance in Toulouse area, France, 1940-1943: story of wounding whilst serving with French Army, 1940; joining resistance unit; intelligence gathering role. Aspects of imprisonment by Gestapo in France, 7/1943-9/1943: arrest, 8/7/1943; question of reasons for arrest; treatment by Gestapo. Recollections of period as inmate in Buchenwald Concentration Camp, Germany, 9/1943-10/1943: character of train journey to camp, 9/1943; reception and processing; German Communist inmate control in camp, 15/9/1943; selection of inmates to transfer to Mittelbau-Dora Concentration Camp. Recollections of period as inmate at Mittelbau-Dora, Concentration Camp, Germany, 10/1943-4/1945: wish of inmates to distance themselves from inmate organisation of Buchenwald Concentration Camp; arrival, 13/10/1943.
REEL 2 Continues: living conditions during building of camp; shooting of inmate attempting to obtain a drink of water; camp rations; reasons for not being selected for extermination, spring 1944; discovery of German agent in camp; distribution of BBC news; his sabotage of V1 Flying Bombs; arrest by SS for sabotage of V1 Flying Bombs, 1944; character of interrogation and beatings received.
REEL 3 Continues: incident of reciting poetry with mistress of Gestapo head whilst under interrogation; notification of death sentence, 11/11/1944; story of how German agent's actions came out during religious confession; reason for delay of execution; confinement in bunker and execution of German Communist inmates. Aspects of liberation of Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp, Germany, 4/1945: train journey to camp, 4/1945; disappearance of SS guards; arrival of British troops.
REEL 4 Continues: suspicion of liberating British officer; interrogation of camp commandant Josef Kramer.
One of the most memorable elements of the Holocaust Exhibition is the video testimony by survivors which accompanies visitors along the route. But what happened to the survivors after the Second World War? How did they rebuild their lives in the years that followed their release from Nazi persecution?
As the Allies advanced across Europe at the end of the Second World War, they came across concentration camps filled with sick and starving prisoners. The first major camp to be liberated was Majdanek near Lublin, Poland in July 1944.