Polish officer served with 1st Lancers, 1st 'Warsaw' Independent Cavalry Bde in Poland, 9/1939; served with Polish Union of Armed Struggle (ZWZ) and Polish Home Army (Armia Krajowa) in Warsaw, Poland, 10/1939-4/1943; inmate of Pawiak Prison, Warsaw, Poland, 4/1943-5/1943; inmate in Auschwitz II -Birkenau Concentration Camp, Poland and Neuengamme Concentration Camp, Germany, 5/1943-4/1945
REEL 1 Background in Kiev, Imperial Russian Empire and Poland, 1913-1939: family circumstances; education. Recollections of operations as officer with 1st Lancers, 1st 'Warsaw' Independent Cavalry Bde, Polish Army in Poland, 9/1939: mobilisation, 1/9/1939; morale in regiment; use of horses; character of German blitzkrieg tactics; question of failure of Great Britain and France to act; wounding near Zamosc, 22/9/1939; capture by German troops; German Fifth Column; attitudes of other nationalities including Jews to German invasion. Aspects of period of hospitalisation in German field hospital, Poland, 9/1939-10/1939: treatment received; escape from hospital to Warsaw; story of marriage to Irish subject, Eileen Short in Warsaw, 9/1939.
REEL 2 Continues: Recollections of period as officer with Polish Union of Armed Struggle (ZWZ) and Polish Home Army (Armia Krajowa) in Warsaw, Poland, 10/1939-4/1943: nature of counter intelligence work; use of agent within Gestapo headquarters; use of forged documents; use of secret offices; question of trust within resistance movement; question of women's endurance under interrogation; methods of cutting contact with arrested resistance members; problems of political rivalries; narrow escapes from German round-ups.
REEL 3 Continues: character of forged documents. Recollections of arrest and imprisonement in Pawiak Prison, Warsaw, Poland, 4/1943-5/1943: how he came to be arrested, 20/4/1943; destruction of documents in Gestapo headquarters; interrogation; contact with women agent in prison; reasons for hiding identity; sight of Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, 4/1943-5/1943; question of death penalty for sheltering Jews; prior knowledge of Auschwitz Concentration Camp. Aspects of period as inmate in Auschwitz II-Birkenau Concentration Camp, Poland, 1943: initial impressions of camp, 13/5/1943; selection for penal company.
REEL 4 Continues: meaning of allocation of red circle within penal company; receiving food parcels. Aspects of period as inmate in Neuengamme Concentration Camp, Germany, 1943-1945: reasons for transfer to camp; conditions in camp; control by Communist trustees; struggle for good jobs between Poles and Communists. Recollections of period as inmate in Auschwitz II-Birkenau and Neuengamme Concentration Camps in Poland and Germany, 5/1943-4/1945: nature of resistance in camps; exploitation of inmates by SS; SS policy of divide and rule; respect for Jehovah's Witnesses.
REEL 5 Continues: liberation of Neuengamme Concentration Camp., 4/1945; effects of camp experience.
One of the most memorable elements of the Holocaust Exhibition is the video testimony by survivors which accompanies visitors along the route. But what happened to the survivors after the Second World War? How did they rebuild their lives in the years that followed their release from Nazi persecution?
As the Allies advanced across Europe at the end of the Second World War, they came across concentration camps filled with sick and starving prisoners. The first major camp to be liberated was Majdanek near Lublin, Poland in July 1944.