Polish Jewish inmate in Warsaw and Lodz Ghettos, Poland, 1940-1944; refugee in Soviet Union, 1944-1945; emigrated to GB, 1948
REEL 1 Recollections of background in Kalisz, Poland, 1935-1939: family circumstances; religious beliefs; languages spoken; relations between Jews and non-Jews. Recollections of period as refugee during German Occupation of Poland, 1939-1940: sight of German troops and flight from Kalisz; family's killing of two Germans soldiers; German Air Force attacks on refugees; search by German soldiers and return to Kalisz; running restaurant purporting to be Poles; betrayal by Poles; abortive flight to Lublin and return to Kalisz, 10/1939; further abortive flight; sight of Germans shooting Polish POWs; escape from synagogue round-up;
REEL 2 Continues: smuggling food into synagogue; burning of men in synagogue; flight to Warsaw, 1940. Recollections of period as inmate in Warsaw and Lodz Ghettos, Poland, 1940-1944: father's flight to Soviet Union; circumstances of his appearance in famous 'Warsaw Ghetto' photograph; smuggling supplies into ghetto; living conditions in ghetto; methods of getting in and out of ghetto; attitude of Poles; flight to Lodz Ghetto; escape from Lodz Ghetto to join partisans, 1944; initial meeting with partisans.
REEL 3 Continues: aid recieved from Russian troops; killing of sister by Poles during flight from Lodz Ghetto. Aspects of period as refugee in Soviet Union, 1944-1945: move to children's home in Turkistan; anti-Semitic incidents; reunion with father; father's life in Soviet Union; character of education. Aspects of attempts to emigrate to GB, 1945-1948: return to Stettin, Poland; escape into American Sector of Berlin, Germany, 1946; treatment in American Sector of Berlin, Germany; comparison of conditions in Berlin, Germany and Stettin, Poland; arrangements to move to GB, 1948; reaction to arrival in GB, 1948.
REEL 4 Continues: Reflections on Holocaust experiences: reasons for monitoring anti-Semitism in GB; question of verification of his role in famous 'Warsaw Ghetto' photograph; attitude of Poles towards Jews; belief that the world should have prevented the Holocaust; German atrocities; question of resistance to Germans; incident of killing of Jewish policeman in Warsaw Ghetto; father's military service with Soviet Army.
One of the most memorable elements of the Holocaust Exhibition is the video testimony by survivors which accompanies visitors along the route. But what happened to the survivors after the Second World War? How did they rebuild their lives in the years that followed their release from Nazi persecution?
As the Allies advanced across Europe at the end of the Second World War, they came across concentration camps filled with sick and starving prisoners. The first major camp to be liberated was Majdanek near Lublin, Poland in July 1944.