Polish Jewish inmate of Piotrkow Trybunalski Ghetto, Poland, 10/1939-11/1944; inmate of Ravensbrück and Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camps, Germany, 11/1944-4/1945
REEL 1 Recollections of background in Piotrkow Trybunalski, Poland, 1930-1939: family circumstances; education; relations between Jews and non-Jews; incident of anti-Semitism; memories of outbreak of Second World War, 9/1939. Recollections of period as inmate of Piotrkow Trybunalski Ghetto, Poland, 10/1939-11/1944: establishment of ghetto, 8/10/1939; accommodation; daily life in ghetto; enforcement of ghetto boundaries; attitude to living in ghetto; behaviour of Jewish police; refuge with Volksdeutsche family in Czestochowa during liquidation of ghetto, 10/1942.
REEL 2 Continues: danger of being discovered during period of hiding in Czestochowa; return to ghetto; German round up of relatives; question of resistance to Germans; news of progress of war; arrest and shooting of family members; liquidation of small ghetto.
REEL 3 Continues: escape from deportation; move to plywood factory; work regime in factory; behaviour of manager. Aspects of period as inmate in Ravensbrück Concentration Camp, Germany, 11/1944-2/1945: train journey to camp, late 11/1944; processing on arrival; daily routine; food and cold; aid given by relatives. Recollections of period as inmate in Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp, Germany, 2/1945-4/1945: disorganisation in camp; stealing of belongings.
REEL 4 Continues: problems of gaining admission to childrens' hut; conditions in childrens' hut; sight of corpses being dragged to death hut; contracting typhus. Reflections on Holocaust experience: question of religious practice and belief in camps; attitude towards Germans.
One of the most memorable elements of the Holocaust Exhibition is the video testimony by survivors which accompanies visitors along the route. But what happened to the survivors after the Second World War? How did they rebuild their lives in the years that followed their release from Nazi persecution?
As the Allies advanced across Europe at the end of the Second World War, they came across concentration camps filled with sick and starving prisoners. The first major camp to be liberated was Majdanek near Lublin, Poland in July 1944.