British civilian served with Colonial Service in Palestine, Cyprus, Jordan and Syria, 1929-1957; served as Governor of Cyprus in Cyprus, 1957-1960
REEL 1 Recollections of period as civilian with Colonial Service in Palestine, Cyprus, Jordan and Syria, 1929-1957: background to joining Colonial Service; introduction to duties in Palestine, 1929-1939; dealing with negotiations in Syria, 1941; acting as Governor in Cyprus, 1943-1945; relations between Greeks and Turks in Cyprus, 1943-1945; relations with Greek and Turkish communities, 1943-1945; degree of knowledge of situation in Cyprus whilst serving in Jamaica and Nigeria, 1950s. Recollections of period as Governor of Cyprus, 1957-1960: reaction to taking up position in Cyprus; degree to which he could make policy; briefing prior to taking up post; relations with Greek and Turkish Cypriot leaders; opinion of army support.
REEL 2 Continues: initial impressions of Cyprus, 1957; writing letter to George Grivas; attitude of government in GB to Grivas letter; reasons for George Grivas not responding to letter; lack of contact with Greek community leaders; security measures taken on trips to villages; broadcasting to civilian population; awareness of strategic nature of Cyprus; initial plan for settlement, 1958; importance of agreements between Greek and Turkish governments; meeting with Archbishop Makarios in Athens, 1958; impressions of Archbishop Makarios; question of importance of allowing Archbishop Makarios to return from exile; relations with Conservative Government.
REEL 3 Continues: strategic importance of Turkey; question of a separate Turkish Cyprus; lack of surprise at violence; reaction to signing death warrant of Greek Cypriots; effect of New York settlement on death sentences; relations with press; memories of incident when British troops released Greek Cypriots on main road near Turkish settlement, 1958; relations with British troops; opinion of police intelligence; reaction of troops to shooting of service wife, 1958; belief that civil war could occur, 1958; attitude to violence; security measures for wife and family; use of troops at Government House; degree of threat to life.
REEL 4 Continues: behaviour of Turkish community; memories of Harold Macmillan; discussions of Macmillan Plan; question of role of United Nations in Cyprus settlement; role of British ambassador to United Nations in settlement; relations with Labour Party opposition including brother Michael Foot and Selwyn Lloyd; political reaction to his reprieval of death sentence of Greek Cypriots; return of Archbishop Makarios to Cyprus; role of Archbishop Makarios in settlement; George Grivas' leaving Cyprus; opinion of Cyprus settlement; discussions of British sovereign bases with Julian Amery; role in setting up of British sovereign bases.
REEL 5 Continues: opinion that Archbishop Makarios should lead Cyprus; lack of knowledge for breakdown in settlement; attitude to Archbishop Makarios' attempt to amend settlement, 1963; question of difficulties faced by British Government over Turkish invasion, 1974; question of future of Cyprus and role of two communities; role of Friends of Cyprus Association. Reflections on role of colonial administrators: question of role of colonial administrators in British Empire; role with British colonial administration in governing Palestine and Cyprus; question of attitude of society towards colonial administrators; reads from Edmund Burke speech.
Submarines played a key role in operations throughout the Cold War. Commodore Frederic Thompson, kept himself and his crewmates entertained, by creating ‘radio’ programmes, which were then broadcast over the submarine’s internal speakers.