British pacifist member of No War Movement and Peace Pledge Union in Guildford and Reigate, 1926-1939; alternativist conscientious objector in GB, 1939-1945
REEL 1 Background in London and Guildford, GB, 1910-1926: development of religious faith; education; parents’ sympathy towards pacifism; refusal to join Officers’ Training Corps at school and Boy Scouts. Aspects of period as pacifist with No More War Movement and Peace Pledge Union in Guildford and Reigate, GB, 1926-1939: Christian basis of pacifism; character of socialist movement and his political outlook during 1920s; employment; joining No More War Movement, 1926; organisation and funding of No More War Movement.
REEL 2 Continues: description of No More War Movement peace assembly in Guildford, 1927; formation of Peace Pledge Union, 1934; story of becoming warden of hostel to accommodate Reverend Henry Carter’s Christian Pacifist Forestry and Land Unit in Reigate, 1940; duties as branch secretary of Peace Pledge Union in Reigate; memories of Stuart Morris, John Barclay and Sybil Morrison; family attitude towards his and wife’s pacifism; involvement with Society of Friends.
REEL 3 Continues: Recollections of period as conscientious objector in Reigate and Guildford, GB, 1939-1945: reasons for his founding with Reginald Sorensen of Labour Pacifist Fellowship, 1940; aims and activities of Labour Pacifist Fellowship; wartime tolerance of anti-war movement; question of pacifism being a middle class movement during 1930s; question of how threat of Nazis had to be dealt with; registering as conscientious objector; opinion of Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain; attending tribunal in Fulham and receiving conditional exemption; witnessing other tribunals.
REEL 4 Continues: description of Christian Pacifist Forestry and Land Unit hostel and occupants in Reigate, 1940-1941; attitude towards and nature of work as warden of hostel; move to Guildford to organise hostels for Surrey War Agricultural Committee, 1942; types of workers he was responsible for including Women’s Land Army, Irish labourers and European refugees; organisation of rations for workers.
REEL 5 Continues: question of degree of psychological problems of workers; public attitude towards conscientious objectors; incidents of personal hostility experienced; relations with military personnel; attitude towards fire watching and Air Raid Precautions; attitude towards ‘just wars’ and use of force. Reflections on anti-war movement: opinion of Church of England’s attitude towards Second World War and nuclear weapons; opinion of peace movements, 1983; post-war activities; background to entering church.
REEL 6 Continues: taking opportunity to preach pacifist sermons; incident of conscientious objector imprisoned for refusing fire watching duties in Second World War; contact with Italian and German POWs during Second World War; opinion that violence was not the answer towards Nazism; feelings on peace situation, 1983.
Submarines played a key role in operations throughout the Cold War. Commodore Frederic Thompson, kept himself and his crewmates entertained, by creating ‘radio’ programmes, which were then broadcast over the submarine’s internal speakers.