R01 Description of events 12/9/1932: KPD's lack of confidence motion. Technical dissolution of Reichstag prior to vote. President's anti-constitutional behaviour. Reichstag's refusal to listen to Papen. Government's aims, achievements. Papen in Lausanne. Inefficacy of Geneva resolutions. Mussolini's support. Schemes for employment, agriculture, social welfare and currency protection. Necessity for overcoming defects of Weimar Republic. Rejection of dictatorship and democracy in favour of non-party leadership supported by elected president. R02 Papen's reaction to NSDAP campaign. Education with Christian basis. Rejection of external coalitions. Hindenburg as symbol of unity. Reform of constitution. Prussia-Reich problem.