British civilian in east London, alternativist religious conscientious objector in reserved occupation in GB 1939-1945
REEL 1 London childhood memories of First World War. Influences on pacifism: Methodism and hearing Christian pacifist sermon. Christian basis of pacifism. Joining Fellowship of Reconciliation 1936. Recollections about Dick Sheppard memorial meeting at Albert Hall 1938. Siblings' pacifism and parents' attitudes. Positive aims of FOR. Membership of Methodist Peace Fellowship. Awareness of Peace Pledge Union and changing membership during wartime. Pre-war anti-pacifist feelings. REEL 2 Attending world conference of Christian youth at Amsterdam 1939. Pacifism, education and social class. Effect of conscientious objector stand on dentistry career: dismissal from East Ham council; quotes local attitudes from press reports. Brighton council job rejection. Obtaining job with Coventry council and attitudes encountered. Types of wartime work prepared to do. Account of bombing raid on Coventry November 1940. REEL 3 Continues account of Coventry raid and aftermath. Effect of raid on people's attitude towards war. Decision to 1941; opinion of its fairness. Varying treatment of COs by tribunals; opinion of prejudice of Fulham tribunal; difficulties of arguing pacifism from other than a Christian basis. Peace organisations' support for COs. Expectations of war as a CO. REEL 4 Quotes from tribunal statement; exemption to remain in reserved occupation. Reflects on nature and use of force and war. Hostility of uncle towards Smith family's pacifism. Importance of support to COs. Sacrifices made by COs. Siblings' wartime experiences. Patriotism. How else Hitler could have been dealt with. Peace movement today. Effect of CO stand on his life.