British civilian pacifist, clergyman and committee member of the Fellowship of Reconciliation in GB, 1925-1945
REEL 1 Early Christian belief and pacifist views. Fellow schoolboys' attitudes. Joining Peace Pledge Union and Anglican Pacifist Fellowship. Countering arguments against pacifism by example of Christ. Attitude towards Christians who supported war. Position in church as pacifist; support from Society of Friends. Relations with Anglican clergy. Family's support. Insulated lifestyle. Discussion about being railway worker during wartime.
REEL 2 Tribunal 1942; pressure to join services. Sensitivity shown by appellate tribunal to comparison. Help from PPU and Friends to prepare conscientious objectors for tribunal. Tribunals' more ready acceptance of religious COs; how sincerity ascertained. Expectations of treatment based on knowledge of First World War COs' experiences; benefits to Second World War COs. Accepting directed occupation. Reasons for choosing Friends' Ambulance Unit; training 1942.
REEL 3 Catering training details; relations with other FAU members. FAU relations with service personnel and the public. How family affected by his being a CO. Interest in refugee work. Duties with refugee Yugoslav Partisan Army in southern Italy 1944-45. Speaking Italian. Atmosphere on troopship journey to Italy. Move to Karpathos refugee camp 1945.
REEL 4 FAU improvised religious services. Organisation of FAU; administrative relationship between military and FAU. Refugees' reaction towards end of war. Nutrition work in Rhodes. COs' resentment at continuing post-war conscription. Friends' desire for reconstruction and reconciliation in Europe. Becoming hospital administrator in Cairo for Church Missionary Society; parents' reaction. Father-in law's opposition to his CO stand. Christian responsibility to promote understanding between people. Benefits of FAU experiences.