German NCO served with 29th Div German Army on Western Front, 1914-1915; served as officer in Medical Corps on Western Front, 1916-1917
REEL 1 Recollections of operations as NCO with German Army on Western Front, 1914-1915: story illustrating former civilians ability to engage in hand to hand combat during attack on French trench in La Bassee sector, Bethune area, France, 1915; ignorance of approach of war prior to mobilisation, 1/8/1914; intended French offensive into Alsaace Lorraine; concealment of 29th Div in forest; entry with minimal fighting into Mulhouse, 10/8/1914; composition of German Army and conscription arrangements for medical students; drunkenness amongst French troops on entering Mulhouse; advance to Altkirch; move to Lorraine; stories illustrating nature of fighting; policy of taking French civilian hostages against franc-tireurs; German use of animal fats for soap and subsequent British propaganda alleging use of corpses; move to via Belgium to Bethune area; development of trench system; truce organised with British to allow collection of corpses, 12/1914; minor shrapnel wound and evacuation, 6/1915; question of commission as infantry officer; commission into Medical Corps as former medical student, 1915; French defensive lines in La Bassee sector; subsequent reactions to bayoneting French soldier during attack on French trench in La Bassee sector; subsequent period as medical officer attached to infantry assault battalion during attack on Portuguese sector in Lys sector, 4/1918; problem of tetanus infection; story of casualties from franc-tireurs in French village and subsequent capture of group of franc-tireurs on bicycles; feet problems; reaction to atrocity propaganda stories relating to German Army; origins of false alarm and consequent fire fight at Altkirch; story of bayoneting French soldier and subsequent reactions during attack on French trench in La Bassee sector.
REEL 2 Story of attending appendicitis case in observation post at Fort Douamant during period as medical officer attached to German artillery unit in Verdun area, 1916: French shell fire; gas masks; use of underground operating theatre; discovery of casement containing corpses of German battalion incinerated in accident with flamethrower fuel; attempt to evacuate casualties under Red Cross and French increased fire in contrast to British and German practise. Recollections of various postings as medical officer in Medical Corps, 1916-1918: commission as medical student; duties in hospital at St Quentin; assistance from Russian surgeon from nearby POW camp; medical research into magnetic method of removing splinters from brain injuries and sceptical contribution of Russian surgeon; story of transporting wounded British POWs during posting to command ambulance train; attachment to heavy artillery unit and concealed preparations to repulse known French offensive in Aisne area, 16/4/1917, including effects of successful bombardment of French troops in jumping off trenches, subsequent signs of French mutiny and discovery of pre-printed victory posters signed by Nivelle; additional responsibilities as information officer to brief soldiers, 1917; operations in Somme area, 6/1916, including effects of preliminary British bombardment, emergence of machine gunners on British attack, 1/7/1916; realisation of superiority of Brtitish medical situation; review of German shortages of medical supplies on capture of British field hospital at Merville, 3/1918; effects of successful bombardment of French troops in jumping off trenches during attachment to heavy artillery unit during French offensive in Aisne area, 16/4/1917. Recollections of attack on British positions in brickworks in La Bassee sector, 12/1914: heavy casualties during attack across No Man's Land; suspension of fire and assistance from British stretcher bearers under Red Cross flag to collect casualties. Conscripted to join infantry regiment at Freiburg, 2/1914. Departure form Freiburg, 4/8/1914. Story illustrating speed of French retreat, 8/1914.