German artillery officer served with German Army in Germany and on Western Front, 1914-1917; served as observer with German Air Force on Western Front, 1917-1918
REEL 1 Reactions to approach and outbreak of war, 7/1914-8/1914. Recruitment and training as artillery officer with German Army, 8/1914. Various aspects of period in France, 1914-1915: Christmas truce with French troops, 25/12/1914; shell shortage; liaison role with infantry in Somme area, 6/1916. Aspects of operations as observer with German Air Force on Western Front, 1917-1918: artillery observation role; question of provision of escort aircraft including dispersal of large escort and story of being shot up by inexperienced escort pilot; shot down, 8/1918.