The Breda M30 was the standard light machine-gun of the Italian Army during the Second World War.
It was operated by an unusual "delayed blowback" system first used in the Italian Revelli machine-gun of the First World War (see FIR 9320). The resulting violence with which spent cartridge cases were extracted meant that a mechanism had to be fitted to oil each cartridge as it was fed into the gun. This caused reliability problems in dry environments, as dust and sand would adhere to the oil and be introduced into the gun.
To make matters worse, the movement of the barrel (which recoiled for a short distance upon firing) and the fact that the front sight was on the gun body and not on the barrel itself, made the weapon inherently innacurate.
A 20 round magazine was permanently attached to the gun, being hinged forwards for loading or transportation.
1-3. engraved on top of receiver
4. stamped on barrel
1. MITR. LEGG. MOD.30
2. BREDA - ROMA - A.XI
3. crown over RE military ownership mark
4. W.F. 727