description: rimmed straight case with buff paper capsule containing shot.
the .380 Revolver cartridge was introduced in Britain in c. 1868 and became an extremely popular self defence cartridge for Bulldog type pocket revolvers here and in Europe. In America, the .38 Short Colt was derived from it, thence the .38 Long Colt and finally the .38 Special. Typically for a late 1860s cartridge, it uses a heel-type bullet with external lubrication. It therefore eventually lost ground to the later, internally lubricated (and thus cleaner to handle) .38 Smith & Wesson, which was also rather more powerful, although it continued to be chambered in cheap European revolvers up until 1914. Shot cartridges in revolver calibres were quite popular before the First World War, for exhibition shooting indoors, specimen collecting, vermin destruction and discouragement of dangerous dogs.