box, 12 cartridges, .45 Revolver, Ball (Schofield length), Frankford Arsenal
box & 2 cartridges
buff cardboard box with buff paper label printed in black, containing two inside primed centrefire cartridges with gilding metal cases loaded with a flat nosed 230 grain lead bullet.
Description: introduced in 1873 for the Colt Single Action Army revolver, and adopted by the US Army, the .45 Colt cartridge with a 1.26 inch long case would not chamber in the .45 Smith & Wesson Schofield revolver adopted shortly after, and issued concurrently with, the Colt. In August 1874, therefore, the .45 Colt cartridge was replaced in US military service by one with a shorter (1.1 inch) case that would function in both the Colt SAA and the Smith & Wesson Schofield revolver. This case was made with a gilding metal (referred to at the time as 'copper') inside primed centre-fire cartridge case and was loaded with a lighter 230 grain bullet. This proved a perfectly adequate military load, as was confirmed by the hasty re-issue of .45 revolvers during the Philippines Campaign, when the .38 Colt of 1892 proved an uncertain performer against highly-motivated Moro tribesmen. Although a conventional Boxer primed case suitable for reloading was adopted in July 1882, nevertheless it seems that the inside primed type may have been made in US Government arsenals as late as 1901. A very rare survivor.