National Socialism laid great emphasis on youths and the fact that the future lay with young people. This picture shows the Corps of Drums (colours black and white) of a youth organisation known as the Jungvolk. From this organisation the German child passed direct into the Hitler Youth. The insignia on the arm of the first two drummers indicates that they are Group Leaders (Junbannfuhrer).
Instituted in the hope of avoiding war, appeasement was the name given to Britain’s policy in the 1930s of allowing Hitler to expand German territory unchecked. Most closely associated with British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, it is now widely discredited as a policy of weakness. Yet at the time, it was a popular and seemingly pragmatic policy.
Military conflict took place during every year of the 20th Century. There were only short periods of time that the world was free of war. The total number of deaths caused by war during the 20th Century has been estimated at 187 million and is probably higher.