Related content

Adolf Hitler at the annual harvest festival at Bückeberg in 1934.
© IWM (MH 11040)
Second World War
How Europe Went To War In 1939
The Second World War was the most destructive conflict in human history. Years of international tension and aggressive expansion by Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany culminated in the German invasion of Poland on 1 September 1939. Britain and France declared war on Germany two days later.
British infantry silhouetted against the skyline in Kuwait, as the troops prepare for operations in Iraq, 2003.
© Crown Copywright (OP-TELIC 03-010-17-145)
Contemporary conflict
Timeline of 20th and 21st Century Wars
Military conflict took place during every year of the 20th Century. There were only short periods of time that the world was free of war. The total number of deaths caused by war during the 20th Century has been estimated at 187 million and is probably higher.
Freddie Knoller
© IWM
Holocaust
Concentration Camp Survivors Share Their Stories
The Holocaust was the systematic murder of Europe’s Jews by the Nazis and their collaborators during the Second World War. The Nazis also enslaved and killed other groups who they perceived as racially, biologically or ideologically inferior or dangerous. Hear seven survivors talk about and reflect on their experiences.