Extinguishing Incendiary Bombs in front of the Officers' Mess, 1941
image: soldiers practicing extinguishing a fire caused by incendiary bombs. Five soldiers in tin helmets rush to
extinguish the fire, in the centre foreground. Three of the soldiers are fighting the fire, one is gesturing towards the left and another
is emerging from the doorway of the building behind them. The fire is directly outside two large windows which have had their glass
During the late 1930s, the British government began to prepare the civilian population for war. The Air Raid Wardens Service was set up in 1937. Wardens were responsible for reporting incidents, reassuring the public and providing Air Raid Precautions (ARP) advice.
The 'Blitz' – from the German term Blitzkrieg ('lightning war') – was the sustained campaign of aerial bombing attacks on British towns and cities carried out by the Luftwaffe (German Air Force) from September 1940 until May 1941.
The National Health Service was introduced in 1948, giving free healthcare to all. The Family Allowance was established and secondary schools were available for all children over 11. However, there was still great austerity.