Private Papers of Major General D W Reid CB CBE DSO MC
Papers relating to his career with the British and Indian Armies, 1914 - 1946, including: a ms memoir (19pp) of his background and service in the ranks and then as an officer with the Seaforth Highlanders in the UK (1914 - August 1915), active service on the Western Front as commander of the 30th Trench Mortar Battery (25th Division) (August 1915 - July 1916), notably in operations on Vimy Ridge and on the Somme where he was wounded, and with the 7th Battalion Seaforth Highlanders (9th Division) (October 1916); his ts account (2pp) of his experiences as Adjutant of the 114th Mahrattas during the Battle of Shargat in Mesopotamia (October 1918 - November 1918); a photograph album of officers and men of the Mahratta Light Infantry at Peshawar, India (?1936); a ts report (18pp) recording his command of the 3rd Battalion Mahratta Light Infantry in India, the Sudan, East Africa, and North Africa (1940 - October 1941), taking part in the capture of Gallabat and Keren; a ts account (2pp) of the storming of the Keren Heights by the 3rd Mahrattas; his ts narrative (65pp) of his command of the 29th Indian Brigade in the Western Desert (October 1941 - June 1942), notably at Tobruk (February 1942 - March 1942) and the Battles of Knightsbridge and 'The Cauldron' (June 1942); papers, including articles, narratives of operations, and reports relating to his command of 10th Indian Division (V and X Corps) in Italy (June 1944 - December 1944), during the Battles of Cassino and the Gothic Line and the advance to the River Senio; ts accounts of the operations of the 3rd Battalion Mahratta Light Infantry (7pp) in Italy (March 1945 - January 1946) and the 28th Battalion 5th Mahratta Light Infantry (3pp) in India (May 1943 - 1946); miscellaneous papers relating to his postwar career, mainly lectures and talks on India, the Indian Army and Scotland (1951 - 1953), correspondence relating to the Maratha and Mahratta Light Infantry (1961 - 1966), and correspondence (October 1967 - November 1967) from former Mahratta officers providing anecdotes for the Regiment's 200th centenary dinner (1967); and miscellaneous photographs of Indian troops. Also included is a ts account (1p) of the siege of Kahum (1840), a hill in Afghanistan defended against Marris tribesmen by the 5th Native Infantry (later 2nd/5th Mahratta Light Infantry).
Military conflict took place during every year of the 20th Century. There were only short periods of time that the world was free of war. The total number of deaths caused by war during the 20th Century has been estimated at 187 million and is probably higher.