Private Papers of Major General Sir Richard Ewart KCMG CB CIE DSO
An important collection comprising: two ms notebooks of memoirs (170pp) covering Ewart's childhood and service with the Hampshire and 31st Punjabi Regiments in England and India, 1883 - 1886, and subsequent senior appointments in the Indian Army, First World War service as Deputy Director of Supplies and Transport (Indian Corps) on the Western Front, 1914 - 1915, and Deputy Adjutant and QMG with the East African Expeditionary Force, 1915 - 1918; ms diaries (190pp), with carbon and ts copies, covering Ewart's post-war duties in Berlin as Red Cross Commissioner for the Repatriation of British POWs and President of the Inter-Allied Commission for the Repatriation of Russian POWs, 1918 - 1919; a bound scrapbook (60pp) containing much interesting ephemera from his time in East Africa and Berlin, including letters from Smuts, Birdwood and Pershing, copies of orders and despatches, photographs, and a collection of Berlin food ration cards, 1918 - 1919; and a folder of miscellaneous papers.
Military conflict took place during every year of the 20th Century. There were only short periods of time that the world was free of war. The total number of deaths caused by war during the 20th Century has been estimated at 187 million and is probably higher.