IWM HU 8967 A Jewish woman is forced to sweep the streets of Riga, Latvia, after its fall to the Germans, 22 August 1941. From late July, Jews in Latvia were ordered to wear a Star of David on their chest.
Operation Barbarossa: the German Invasion of the Soviet Union, 1941 - Part Two
Eighty years ago this year, on 22 June 1941, Germany invaded the Soviet Union (Operation Barbarossa). The aim was to win Lebensraum ('living space') in the East, and was to be a ‘war of annihilation’ targeting the Jews and Roma living there. By the end of 1942, at least 1.1 million Jewish men, women and children had been murdered in mass shootings. IWM Curator Lauren Willmott shares details about how these events are represented in the new Holocaust Galleries at IWM London.