This memorial record is currently under review and will be updated shortly. Please check back again soon.

Keswick

WM reference
2206
Memorial type
Lost
No
Town
County
District
Subject/Period
Creator
Ceremony
  • Unveiled : 21st May 1922
  • Dedicated : 21st May 1922
  • Unveiled : 9 Nov 1947
Current location

Near town centre
County Square
Keswick
Allerdale
Cumbria
CA12 4NA
England
OS Grid Ref.: NY 26776 23514
Denomination: Undefined

Description

Step surmounted by broad pedestal and cenotaph with pedimented top. Large honister slate tablet commemorating WW1 dead placed on the front face of the pedestal and two smaller tablets commemorating WW2 dead placed on the left and right hand sides. Relief of Victory in classical costume with sword on the front face of the cenotaph.

Inscription

6 OCLOCK FACE: TO KEEP FRESH THE MEMORY/ OF OUR BRAVE MEN WHO FELL/ IN THE GREAT WARS/ (NAMES) 3 AND 9 OCLOCK FACE: 1939 - 1945/ (NAMES) Plaque, Ref 3396: COCKERMOUTH, KESWICK & PENRITH RAILWAY COMPANY/ IN PROUD & HONOURED MEMORY OF THE EMPLOYEES OF THIS COMPANY/ WHO GAVE THEIR LIVES FOR KING AND COUNTRY IN THE GREAT WAR./ 1914 - 1918

Inscription legible?

Yes

Names on memorial

Abbott, A
Aitchison, Je
Atkinson, T V
Bateson, G
Bertram, R
Birkbeck, C W
Birkett, S
Birkett, J
Blamire, G
Blamire, J
See details for all 160 names

Subject/Period

First World War (1914-1918)
Total names on memorial: 109
Served and returned: 0
Died: 109
Exact count: yes
Information shown: surname, initials of forenames
Order of information: surname alphabetical order

Subject/Period

Second World War (1939-1945)
Total names on memorial: 51
Served and returned: 0
Died: 50
Exact count: yes
Information shown: surname and initials of forenames
Order of information: surname alphabetical order

Component

Tablets
Condition: Good
Measurements: Undefined
Materials: Slate
Listed?: No

Component

Cenotaph
Condition: Good
Measurements:
Materials: Granite
Listed?: No

Ceremony

Unveiled
Date: 21st May 1922
Attended by: Lord Rochdale & Mr Walter Swinburn

Ceremony

Dedicated
Date: 21st May 1922
Attended by: Revd CH Lewin, Vicar of St John's Church

Ceremony

Unveiled
Date: 9 Nov 1947
Attended by: Mr FJ Aston (WW1 soldier) & Mr Edwin Evans (2nd son of Sergt Walter Evans) of the Blencathra Hotel, Keswick

Costs

Site: Unknown or N/A
Memorial: c£2,500
Comments: None

Trust fund/Scholarship

No
Purpose: Unknown or N/A

Sponsorship

Public
Details: All the money was raised by public subscription. The appeal for the original estimated £4,000 cost was launched in June 1919. In the first week alone £950 was raised. There are weekly updates in the local newspaper 'The Keswick Reminder' detailing every contribution small and large. During the summer contributions dried up and the scheme was shelved in November 1919 (formerly in January 1920) when £1890/2/- had been raised. This scheme included provision for the education and maintenance of the circa 30 children of the town left fatherless, throughout their childhood, a grand carnival on the lake including flares from the local mountain, Skiddaw, a peace medal for each child of the town, and a grand homecoming meal for returning soldiers, sailors and airmen. The carnival and the peace medal were abandoned. The peace meal was fundraised for separately and held on 12 Feb 1920 at a cost of around £165. The occassion included a 'Smoking Concert'. The memorial scheme itself cost around £2,500 and was not restarted until October 1921 (part of the cause of the delay was that the sculptor became involved in other work after the 1919/1920 postponement. The educational scheme invested money for each war orphan with the interest to be used to aid the instruction of the children. Grants were to be made from the Capital either for each child to attend a Secondary School or to be apprenticed or for any other purpose that will further its educational interests. The trusteees represented the town, the Council and the schools.

Responsibility of

Unknown or N/A

Notes

Lord Rochdale owned the large house 'Lingholm' at nearby Portinscale which was a VAD Hospital in WW1. Lord and Lady Rochdale were very active in the life of the Keswick area, and great philanthropists to the town. There was also an Oak [or Chestnut] Tree planted in Upper Fitz Park- supplied by Kew Gardens grown from seeds from an oak tree at Verdun (sent to Kew by the Mayor of Verdun in 1916). It was planted on 24th September 1921 by Viscount Ullswater. There was a dedicatory plate placed next to it. This tree has not existed for many years now, at least since 1997 according to the records of the town's Britain in Bloom committee of that year. It is not entirely clear where in the park it was planted, but most probably in the area directly behind the cenotaph. The figure of Victory, crowning a sheathed sword with a laurel wreath in memory of the dead, was carved in high relief. This was the work of Derwent Wood (1871-1926). He was born in at Eskin Place, Castlerigg, St John’s, Keswick, the fourth son of Alpheus Bayliss Wood of Philadelphia, USA, pencil mill manager, and Ann Mary Maw of Ironbridge, Shropshire. When he was too old to enlist in the Army at the onset of World War One, he volunteered in the hospital wards and his exposure to the injuries inflicted by the new war’s weapons led him to open a special clinic, the Masks for Facial Development Disfigurement Department (1917-1919) located in the Third London General Hospital, Wandsworth, London. Each mask required many weeks of work. He constructed masks of thin metal, sculpted to match the portraits of the man in their pre-war normality.

Reference

Carter Postcard Collection

Reference

Many editions of 'The Keswick Reminder' newspaper between 6 June 1919 and 19 May 1922- the newspaper is indexed from 1915 to 1923, which is available on the Cumbria Archives website, from January 2015.

Reference

Planting of the tree- West Cumberland Times 17th August 1921 page 4 (refers to it as Oak) and the Keswick Reminder 16th September 1921 page 4 (refers to it as a Chestnut)

Reference

West Cumberland Times 24/5/1922 page 1f-h for clarification on the education scheme

Reference

West Cumberland Times 12/11/1947 page 4e

This record comprises all information held by IWM’s War Memorials Register for this memorial. Where we hold a names list for the memorial, this information will be displayed on the memorial record. Please check back as we are adding more names to the database.

This information is made available under a Creative Commons BY-NC licence.

This means you may reuse it for non-commercial purposes only and must attribute it to us using the following statement:

© IWM (WMR-2206)

For queries, please contact memorials@iwm.org.uk.